Vitiaz

Vitiaz’

 

a sail- and propeller-powered corvette, built in 1886 on Galernoe Island in St. Petersburg. It had a displacement of 3,200 tons and a cruising speed of 14 knots (26 km/hr); it was equipped with ten 152-mm, four 4-pound, and ten 47-mm guns and carried a crew of 372. From 1886 to 1889, under the command of Captain First Class S. O. Makarov, it sailed around the world, carrying on various oceanographic investigations of the waters of the Pacific Ocean (such as temperature conditions, density, and the nature of the floor). The collected material was summarized by Makarov in the monograph “Vitiaz’” and the Pacific Ocean (1894). The name Vitiaz’ was placed on the pediment of the Oceano-graphic Museum in Monaco with those often other ships. In 1892 it became a first-class cruiser. In April 1893 it broke up near the port of Lazarev (in the Nevel’skii straits).


Vitiaz’

 

a Soviet research vessel. Length, 109.4 m; width, 14.5 m; displacement of 5,546 tons; and cruising speed, 13.5 knots (25 km/hr). It has 12 laboratories, including aerometeorological, oceanographic, biological, and geological-geophysical sections. Since 1949 it has carried on thorough research in the seas of the Far East and in the Pacific and Indian oceans. New oceanographic, biological, and geo-logical data have been collected by expeditions of the Institute of Oceanography of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR on the Vitiaz’; these expeditions have studied several deep depressions in the Pacific Ocean and measured (in 1958) the deepest spot of the world ocean (in the Marianas Trench, 11,022m).

REFERENCES

Sysoev, N. N. “Ekspeditsionnoe sudno Vitiaz’. In Tr. In-ta okeanologii, 1959, vol. 16.
Kreps, E. M. Na “Vitiaze” k ostrovam Tikhogo okeana. Moscow, 1959.
Kreps, E. M. “Vitiaz’” v Indiiskom okeane. Moscow, 1963.

E. M. SUZIUMOV

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It can be compared, for example, to "The Unabridged Tale of the Glorious, Strong, Brave, and Invincible Hero Prince Bova and of his Beautiful Wife Princess Druzhnevna," or "The Tale of the Brave and Glorious and Mighty Hero and Bogatyr Bova." It is no accident that the name Gvidon is also taken from the lubok tale of Bova, and that Gvidon is referred to as a hero (vitiaz), a term absent from the oral tradition but common in the written one.
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Rabaul bevels into the northeastern tip of New Britain, but Cape Gloucester juts up at the island's western end, creating the eastern boundary of the parallel Vitiaz and Dampier straits.
Analagous Lubki such as Slavnyi i sil 'nyi Vitiaz Eruslan Lazarevich (Moscow, 1889) and Bitva Bovy Korolevicha s Polkanom Bogatyrem (Moscow, 1889) can be found in (Russkii narodnyi lubok: albom] (Moscow, 1887-1889).
Holotype.--Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science (Leningrad) N 16362 (2 fragments), 148[degrees]57'E, 44[degrees]41'N, 780m, RV 'Vitiaz' stn.
Sikorskii, the designer of Russkii Vitiaz' and Ilia Muromets heavy bombers.
In the section "Rus' eshche sviataia" is a poem entitled "Esenin - vitiaz' solnechnykh krovei" (Esenin, Knight of Sunny Droplets of Blood) which features magnificent metaphors and rich play with linguistic forms.
Harding (1967) described the contrast between saltwater people and mainlanders in northeastern New Guinea as a result of trade specializations in the Vitiaz Strait trading system, the system of long-distance trade that linked New Guinea and New Britain.