Vitram, Fedor

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vitram, Fedor Fedorovich


Born Sept. 17 (29), 1854, in Riga; died 1914, in St. Petersburg. Russian astronomer and geodesist.

Vitram was an astronomer at the Pulkovo Observatory (from 1878) and a professor in the department of geodesy of the Academy of the General Staff (from 1887). He determined the differences in longitude between Arkhangel’sk and Pulkovo and Pulkovo and Potsdam and conducted leveling work between Kronstadt and St. Petersburg. Vitram took part in the interpretation of degree measurements taken on Spitzbergen and in expeditions for observing the total solar eclipses of 1896, 1907, 1912, and 1914.


Akhmatov, V. “F. F. Vitram” (obituary). Izv. Ruskogo astronomicheskogo obshchestva, 1915, issue 21, no. 8.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.