Vivien Leigh

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Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier
Vivian Mary Hartley
BirthplaceDarjeeling, Bengal Presidency, British India

Leigh, Vivien:

see under Olivier, Laurence Kerr, Baron Olivier of BrightonOlivier, Laurence Kerr, Baron Olivier of Brighton
, 1907–89, English actor, director, and producer. He made his stage debut at Stratford-upon-Avon in 1922 and soon achieved renown through his work with the Old Vic company.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leigh, Vivien


(stage name of Vivian Mary Hartley). Born Nov. 5, 1913, in Darjeeling, India; died July 8, 1967, in London. English stage and motion-picture actress.

Leigh was educated at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. She began her screen career in 1934 and in 1935 made her stage debut in London’s “Q” Theater. She also performed in other London theaters, including the Old Vic.

Leigh’s best roles included Titania (A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Shakespeare), Jennifer Dubedat (The Doctor’s Dilemma by Shaw), Sabina (The Skin of Our Teeth by Wilder), Antigone (Antigone by Anouilh), Blanche (A Streetcar Named Desire by Williams; she also played Blanche in the film version, 1951), and Paola (Duel of Angels by Fry). In 1955 at Stratfordupon-Avon she played Viola, Lady Macbeth, and Lavinia in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, Macbeth, and Titus Andronicus.

Leigh’s most important film roles were Scarlett O’Hara (Gone With the Wind, 1939), Myra (Waterloo Bridge, 1940), Lady Hamilton (Lady Hamilton, 1941), Anna (Anna Karenina, 1948), and Mary Treadwell (Ship of Fools, 1964). She played complex, contradictory characters, who revealed themselves in dramatic clashes with harsh reality.


Utilov, V. Viv’en Li. Moscow, 1963.
Barker, F. The Oliviers: A Biography. London, 1953.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From then on, until her death in 1967, Jack Merivale was the only man in Vivien Leigh's life.
In the third book about Leigh's life as an up-and-coming actress (following Introducing Vivien Leigh Reid and Now Starring Vivien Leigh Reid), we find her determined to ditch her reputation as a diva.
"Considering that he was a Welshborn photographer, his body of work is not well represented in other collections in Wales." The collection, which will be used to teach photography and art history students and for research, includes the following stars of the West End stage: Laurence Olivier (as Hamlet, 1937) Peggy Ashcroft (as Portia, 1938) Claire Luce (as Becky Sharp, 1946) Anthony Quayle (as Falstaff, 1951) John Gielgud (as Wolsey, 1958) Michael Redgrave and Maggie Smith (in The Master Builder) Ivor Novello and Vivien Leigh (in The Happy Hypocrite), Edith Evans (in The Dark is Light Enough) Sybil Thorndyke (in Treasure Hunt), Vivien Leigh and Bonar Colleano (in A Streetcar Named Desire).
1940: Vivien Leigh (pictured) won the Best Actress Oscar for her role as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With The Wind.
What role did Vivien Leigh play in the 1939 film, Gone With the Wind?
It is called Starring Vivien Leigh and it features photographs and memorabilia - entertainment magazines and theatre programmes - from the National Portrait Gallery.
The likes of Diana Rigg, reallife couple Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier, Peter O'Toole and Vanessa Redgrave also starred.
1940: Vivien Leigh won the Best Actress Oscar for her role as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With The Wind.
When the 1939 film Gone With The Wind was made the American censor, known then as The Hays Office, was not happy with Rhett Butler's (Clark Gable) last words in the film when talking to Scarlett O'Hara (Vivien Leigh): "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn!" The censor wanted the line cut out of the film but the producer of the film, David O'Selznick, pleaded with him to leave the line in.
London, November 3 ( ANI ): Vivien Leigh was a spoilt, demanding diva, and she wrestled with physical and mental illness behind the scenes, it has been revealed.
Welsh former prime minister David Lloyd George, classical composer Benjamin Britten and actress Vivien Leigh are among the other great Britons featured.