Vladimir Alekseevich Krat

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krat, Vladimir Alekseevich


Born July 8 (21), 1911, in the city of Ul’ianovsk. Soviet astronomer. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1963.

Krat graduated from the University of Kazan in 1932. Since 1938 he has been with the Main Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR at Pulkovo, becoming its director in 1966. His studies are on variable stars, cosmogony, and solar physics. He is one of the founders of a new branch of Soviet astronomy, that of balloon astronomy. The first Soviet stratospheric observatory was built under his direction. Krat has been awarded three orders and various medals.


Figury ravnovesiia nebesnykh tel. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
Ballonnaia astronomiia. Leningrad, 1972. (With L. M. Kotliar.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vladimir Alekseevich Krat born; Director of the Pulkovo Observatory; worked on solar physics, binary stars, eclipsing variables and cosmogony; a pioneer of Soviet balloon astronomy.
Full browser ?