Vladimir Baranovskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baranovskii, Vladimir Stepanovich


Born Sept. 1 (13), 1846, in Helsinki; died Mar. 7 (19), 1879, in St. Petersburg. Russian inventor and builder of artillery systems.

In 1872–75, Baranovskii constructed a 2.5-inch (63.5-mm) rapid-firing gun with a fixed round, which was adopted in 1877 as a weapon for the Russian Army. He created a machine for assembling fixed rounds that was widely used. He was the first to apply to artillery systems a recoilless gun carriage, a piston breech with a self-cocking firing pin, a safety catch, a telescopic sight, and other innovations. Baranovskii is famous for inventions in other branches of technology, including a water-discharge machine to be used in gold fields and a hydraulic hose. Baranovskii died while testing a sample cartridge for a gun.


“Baranovskii, V. S.” Artilleriiskii zhurnal, 1951, no. 9.
Goncharenko, M. “Osnovopolozhnik skorostrel’noi artillerii.” Voennye znaniia, 1955, no. 1, p. 24.
Mikson, I. L. Vladimir Baranovskii. Saratov, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.