Vladimir Vorobev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vorob’ev, Vladimir Petrovich


Born June 15 (27), 1876, in Odessa; died Oct. 31, 1937, in Kharkov. Soviet anatomist; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1934).

Vorob’ev graduated from the University of Kharkov medical department in 1903 and was a professor there from 1917. (In 1921 it became the Kharkov Medical Institute.) At the same time he was scientific director of the Ukrainian Institute of Experimental Medicine. One of the first to study functional anatomy, Vorob’ev discovered new laws governing the structural organization of the nervous system and suggested a method of studying the living organism with sewn-in electrodes. He developed the study of the1 integrity of the organism and the effect of body functions and physical labor on morphogenesis (formation of organs). Vorob’ev was the first to determine the significance of the borderline macromicroscopic field of vision and work out methods to study it and was the founder of stereomorphology. Vorob’ev, B. I. Zbarskii, and their coworkers embalmed Lenin’s body in 1924. In Kharkov he organized the world’s only museum on the development of man. He compiled the original Atlas of Human Anatomy (published during 1938-42).

A member of the Central Executive Committee of the Ukrainian SSR, he was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1927 and the Order of Lenin. The Presidium of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR established the V. P.Vorob’ev Prize to be awarded once every three years for the best work in normal anatomy.


Izbrannye trudy. Leningrad, 1958.


[Chepurnaia, T. D.] V. P. Vorob’ev: Bibliogr. ukazatel’. Kharkov, 1957.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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