Vladimir Zelenin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zelenin, Vladimir Filippovich


Born June 16 (28), 1881, in the village of Krasnoe, in present-day Kursk Oblast; died Oct. 19, 1968, in Moscow. Soviet internist. Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944). Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1946).

Zelenin graduated from the medical department of Moscow University in 1907. He was the founder and director (from 1924) of the Clinical Institute of Functional Diagnosis and Experimental Therapy (later the Medical Biological Institute). From 1929 to 1952 he was the head of the subdepartment of the hospital therapy clinic of the Second Moscow Medical Institute and simultaneously (1944–48) director of the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapy of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. His main research was concerned With the physiology, pathology, and clinical aspects of the cardiovascular system. He was the first person in Russia to develop clinical electrocardiography. He proposed the theory of the bicardiogram that won universal recognition. He suggested an agent for the treatment of cardiac neurosis (Zelenin drops). Zelenin was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.


Klinicheskie lektsii. Moscow, 1916.
Uchebnik chastnoi patologii i terapii vnutrennikh boleznei, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1947. (With E. M. Gel’shtein.)
Bolezni serdechno-sosudistoi sistemy v srednem i pozhilom vozraste. Moscow, 1959.


“V. F. Zelenin” (obituary). Kardiologiia, 1969, no. 2.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.