Bonin Islands

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Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
Home to about 2,000 people, Chichijima Island is just 130 kilometres away from the erupting volcano island.
Each of the shows included in Nicktoons: Battle for Volcano Island are among the top animated shows for kids on television," said Paul Jelinek, vice president of digital media products, Nickelodeon and MTVN Kids and Family Group.
Spiegel had kept beehives back on the mainland and soon started beekeeping here--the origin of Volcano Island Honey Co.
After a 30-minute boat ride from Barrio Kinalaglagan in Mataasnakahoy town, you arrive on Volcano Island on the Calauit, Balete, side-the side of the lake opposite Tagaytay.
Tourists are strictly urged not to visit the area as breathing air with high concentration of gases can be lethal, Phivolcs said, reminding that entire Volcano Island is a Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ), and permanent settlement in the island is strictly not recommended.
Richard Spiegel of Volcano Island Honey Company in Hawaii says most people can't fined words to describe the taste of his creamy organic kiawe honey.
False information that the volcano was placed on alert Level 3 raised concern among residents in the towns of Laurel, Talisay and Mataas na Kahoy, all located close to the volcano island.
Bloody Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands followed as the fourth and final, in February 1945.
having served in the Central Pacific, participated in the capture of Iwo Jima and Volcano Islands, was wounded in action on March 4, 1945, was awarded a purple heart and was discharged with the rank of corporal.
Archaeological remains found in the Bonins and in the Volcano Islands have shown that an ancient Oceanic race once inhabited some of these islands.
It went on to participate in operations over Palau (Peleliu), the Bonin and Volcano Islands, the Philippines, Formosa (Taiwan) and Okinawa through the end of the war in 1945.