Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

(redirected from Volga Republic)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

 

a Soviet autonomous republic of the Volga Germans within the RSFSR that existed from 1918 to 1941. The Volga Germans were descendants of colonists who had settled along the lower Volga in the 18th century. On Oct. 19, 1918, a decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR established the Labor Commune of the Volga Germans, also known as the Autonomous Oblast of the Volga Germans. Under a decree issued by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee the oblast was reorganized as an autonomous Soviet socialist republic. The republic covered an area of 28,200 sq km and was bounded by Saratov and Stalingrad (present-day Volgograd) oblasts and the Kazakh SSR. The capital was Engels. According to the 1939 census, the republic had 605,500 inhabitants, of whom more than 60 percent were Germans.

After fascist Germany attacked the Soviet Union, the republic was abolished by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued on Aug. 28, 1941. The German population was resettled in other regions with state aid and was allocated land. On Aug. 28, 1964, a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR rescinded the sweeping accusation, unjustly made in 1941, that the Germans living along the Volga had collaborated with the fascist German invaders.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tatarstan's State Council decision in December 2012: "Allowing Tatars to write in the Latin script rather than the Cyrillic-based when they deal with republic officials, a step that brings this Middle Volga republic more closely into line with the broader Turkic world rather than with Moscow and the rest of Russia" (Paul Goble).
Name of Tatar organization that seeks Tatar membership in the United Nations: the World Congress of Tatars, an organization created 20 years ago to link Tatarstan with ethnic Tatars living outside the borders of the Middle Volga republic.