Volkssturm


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Volkssturm

 

a militia created in fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45) as a result of the total mobilization of men from 16 to 60 years of age.

The Volkssturm was created on orders of A. Hitler on Sept. 25, 1944, at the suggestion of the chief of the General Staff of Infantry, General H. Guderian. The Volkssturm was organized by the Nazi Party and was led and trained by SS Reichsführer H. Himmler. It was organized into battalions made up of two to four companies, armed mainly with firearms. Legally, those mobilized into the Volkssturm had the same status as soldiers in the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm saw combat in Silesia (40 battalions) from December 1944 to January 1945, in Hungary and on the Austrian border (30 battalions) from December 1944 to March 1945, and on the Oder, the Neisse, and around Berlin (up to 50 battalions). The Volkssturm was also used to provide replacements for army units.

References in periodicals archive ?
6mm caliber that saw use from the latter part of the 19th century right up to World War II, generally in the hands of second-line troops or the Volkssturm.
This edition also kept the storyline of a young German boy who joined the Volkssturm and attended the Battle of Berlin.
Caption: German Volkssturm surrender their weapons, including large numbers of Fusil Modele 1886/93 R.
At the end, the SS, Hitler Youth fanatics and Volkssturm (old men and women mainly in Nazi militia) occupied a very small patch of land (9 miles long by 1-3 miles East to West) behind the river Spree with its high concrete embankments and formidable tank and artillery defences.
Hitler's Last Levy in East Prussia: Volkssturm Einsatz Bataillon Goldap (25/235) 1944-45
They were used by German occupation troops, support units and training depots, while some showed up in the hands of the Volkssturm in the last desperate days of the Third Reich.
and Volkssturm were conscripting every man and boy regardless of age or condition.
Desperate Measures: The Last-Ditch Weapons of the Nazi Volkssturm by W.
Men from the Volkssturm militia, police officers, soldiers from a paratrooper division barracked nearby, guards and civilians helped drive the doomed prisoners into the barn.
No such last stand ever occurred, although, for a few days after V-E Day, remnants of Waffen SS and Volkssturm units in the Harz did indeed play come-and-get-us with elements of the U.
They stand at the top of hundreds of Mennonites who joined the German Army, the Volkssturm, or worked for the Ostmininisterium, the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, the Organisation Todt, the Hitler Youth, Sonderkommando Stumpp, Sonderkommando Rufiland and a host of the other German-Nazi agencies.