The Knight's Cross could be earned by members of the Heer, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe, as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD--Reich Labor Service), and the Volkssturm
(national militia), along with personnel from other Axis powers.
When the Nazis, in their desperation, decided to enlist the remaining male civilian population in a national militia (Volkssturm
) in the summer of 1944, Jewish men with false IDs, ironically, could not escape conscription in the German army unless they had by then fully submerged and did not enter the public sphere until the end of the war.
Our front page carried Hitler's "Volkssturm
" mobilisation of all German men between 16 and 60 as the Allies advanced towards his country's border.
These outfits are stepping in as the Indian version of the German Volkssturm
or the Sturn Abteiling.
These were well-made single actions in 10.6mm caliber that saw use from the latter part of the 19th century right up to World War II, generally in the hands of second-line troops or the Volkssturm
. Beautifully made by a number of manufacturers, it had a couple of interesting features.
This edition also kept the storyline of a young German boy who joined the Volkssturm
and attended the Battle of Berlin.
Caption: German Volkssturm
surrender their weapons, including large numbers of Fusil Modele 1886/93 R.34, the ancient Lebel with a shortened barrel and four-round magazine.
At the end, the SS, Hitler Youth fanatics and Volkssturm
(old men and women mainly in Nazi militia) occupied a very small patch of land (9 miles long by 1-3 miles East to West) behind the river Spree with its high concrete embankments and formidable tank and artillery defences.
Hitler's Last Levy in East Prussia: Volkssturm
Einsatz Bataillon Goldap (25/235) 1944-45
They were used by German occupation troops, support units and training depots, while some showed up in the hands of the Volkssturm
in the last desperate days of the Third Reich.
However, after the second session the course was cancelled, and Heidegger was 'conscripted into the Civil Defense Forces', i.e., the Volkssturm
. Consisting, then, of two lectures delivered at the University of Freiburg, lecture notes, and an appendix extracted from the first part of GA50, Introduction to Philosophy--Thinking and Poetizing comprises 96 pages.