Volkssturm


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Volkssturm

 

a militia created in fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45) as a result of the total mobilization of men from 16 to 60 years of age.

The Volkssturm was created on orders of A. Hitler on Sept. 25, 1944, at the suggestion of the chief of the General Staff of Infantry, General H. Guderian. The Volkssturm was organized by the Nazi Party and was led and trained by SS Reichsführer H. Himmler. It was organized into battalions made up of two to four companies, armed mainly with firearms. Legally, those mobilized into the Volkssturm had the same status as soldiers in the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm saw combat in Silesia (40 battalions) from December 1944 to January 1945, in Hungary and on the Austrian border (30 battalions) from December 1944 to March 1945, and on the Oder, the Neisse, and around Berlin (up to 50 battalions). The Volkssturm was also used to provide replacements for army units.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Knight's Cross could be earned by members of the Heer, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe, as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD--Reich Labor Service), and the Volkssturm (national militia), along with personnel from other Axis powers.
When the Nazis, in their desperation, decided to enlist the remaining male civilian population in a national militia (Volkssturm) in the summer of 1944, Jewish men with false IDs, ironically, could not escape conscription in the German army unless they had by then fully submerged and did not enter the public sphere until the end of the war.
Our front page carried Hitler's "Volkssturm" mobilisation of all German men between 16 and 60 as the Allies advanced towards his country's border.
These outfits are stepping in as the Indian version of the German Volkssturm or the Sturn Abteiling.
These were well-made single actions in 10.6mm caliber that saw use from the latter part of the 19th century right up to World War II, generally in the hands of second-line troops or the Volkssturm. Beautifully made by a number of manufacturers, it had a couple of interesting features.
This edition also kept the storyline of a young German boy who joined the Volkssturm and attended the Battle of Berlin.
Caption: German Volkssturm surrender their weapons, including large numbers of Fusil Modele 1886/93 R.34, the ancient Lebel with a shortened barrel and four-round magazine.
At the end, the SS, Hitler Youth fanatics and Volkssturm (old men and women mainly in Nazi militia) occupied a very small patch of land (9 miles long by 1-3 miles East to West) behind the river Spree with its high concrete embankments and formidable tank and artillery defences.
Hitler's Last Levy in East Prussia: Volkssturm Einsatz Bataillon Goldap (25/235) 1944-45
They were used by German occupation troops, support units and training depots, while some showed up in the hands of the Volkssturm in the last desperate days of the Third Reich.
However, after the second session the course was cancelled, and Heidegger was 'conscripted into the Civil Defense Forces', i.e., the Volkssturm. Consisting, then, of two lectures delivered at the University of Freiburg, lecture notes, and an appendix extracted from the first part of GA50, Introduction to Philosophy--Thinking and Poetizing comprises 96 pages.