Volhynia

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Volhynia

(vŏlĭ`nyə), Ukr. and Rus. Volyn, Pol. Wołyń, historic region, W Ukraine, around the headstreams of the Pripyat and Western Bug rivers in an area of forests, lakes, and marshlands. One of the oldest Slavic settlements in Europe, it derived its name from the extinct city of Volyn or Velyn, said to have stood on the Western Bug. Volhynia's early history from c.981 coincides with that of the duchies of Volodymyr (see Volodymyr-VolynskyyVolodymyr-Volynskyy
, Pol. Włodzimierz, Rus. Vladimir-Volynski, city (1989 pop. 38,000), NW Ukraine. It was founded in the 9th cent. and supposedly refounded in 988 by the Grand Duke Vladimir I (Volodymyr I) of Kievan Rus.
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) and Halych. After the disintegration (c.1340) of the grand duchy of Halych-Volodymyr, Volhynia was divided (c.1388) between Poland (western part) and Lithuania (eastern part). With the Polish-Lithuanian union of 1569, Volhynia became a quasi-autonomous province of Poland. During the second and third partitions of Poland (1793, 1795), Volhynia passed to Russia and was made (1797) a province. In 1921 the Treaty of Riga returned W Volhynia to Poland, but the rest passed to Ukraine. Poland ceded its section of Volhynia to the USSR in 1939, and the Soviet-Polish border agreement of 1945 confirmed it as a Soviet possession. In 1943–44 the region was the scene of ethnic massacres in which some 100,000 Poles died and some 20,000 Ukrainians were killed in revenge. This section constitutes the Volyn region, a rich agricultural lowland and coal-mining area.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The journal Volyn (Volynia) reported that as soon as Jewish crowds started to amass near the shelter, Father Leontii asked for police help.
The Volynian Chronicle relates that two Samogitian princes, Erdvilas and Vykintas, were among the twenty signatories to a treaty with Volynia (1219).
The very same governor of the Lublin region wrote to the Ministry of Religion and Public Education that "further demolition of closed Orthodox churches will in all cases surely be a source of more or less active protest actions from the Orthodox community and could be a potential threat to the safety of any community." (18) Despite these fears, a Co-ordination Committee was formed in Lublin to "return Polish values and traditions" to the Khelm and Volynia regions, lands considered to be "essentially Polish." In April and May 1938, there were Roman Catholic gatherings and rallies where resolutions were passed that demanded the demolition of closed Orthodox churches.
Although further study is required, there appears to have been a close correspondence between the Yuan administration of Tibet and Mongol administration of Galicia, Volynia, Smolensk and Chernigov (8).
The occupations he discusses are the Austrian rule of 1914; Russian occupation between 1914-1915; German-Austrian reoccupation of Galicia, Bukovyna, and the Russian provinces of Volynia and Kholm in 1915-1916; Russian reoccupation of 1916-1918; and German-Austrian occupation of most of the Russian Ukraine in 1918.
Families of German descent who had lived for generations in Volynia, Kiev and Podol'ia and in the Volga region were shipped to Siberia or Central Asia.
George's [Monastery] named Spiridon; he is worthy of it!" And others named Ioasaf, bishop of Vladimir in Volynia, and yet others [named] a Greek: "Whomever the metropolitan shall give, that one shall be our father." And Prince Mikhail said: "Let us cast three lots; let it be whom God will give us." And having written out the names, they laid them on the altar and sent out young Prince Rostislav from the bishop's council chamber [to draw the lots].
Petersburg and Archbishop Khrapovitskii of Volynia. Metropolitan Antonii Vadkovskii saw nothing wrong with the suggestions of the "renewalists" and encouraged their group to work on further proposals for the future local sobor's agenda.
(9) Similar arguments could surely be developed about Golda Meir's childhood in Kiev and Hayim Nahman Bialik's experience in Volynia, Odessa, and Kiev.
Indeed, in the 1913 elections, all but one of the Duma delegates from the Southwest Region, composed of the Ukrainian provinces of Kiev, Volynia, and Podolia located on the right--or western--bank of the Dnieper River, represented so-called "truly Russian" parties.
One reason for the appearance of discrepancies was the correlation of shallow-water Podolian sections containing shelly faunas with deep-water graptolitic sections in the northwestern Ukraine (Volynia) and southwestern Belarus.