# von Neumann architecture

(redirected from*Von Neumann model*)

## von Neumann architecture

(architecture, computability)A computer architecture
conceived by mathematician John von Neumann, which forms the
core of nearly every computer system in use today (regardless
of size). In contrast to a Turing machine, a von Neumann
machine has a random-access memory (RAM) which means that
each successive operation can read or write any memory
location, independent of the location accessed by the previous
operation.

A von Neumann machine also has a central processing unit (CPU) with one or more registers that hold data that are being operated on. The CPU has a set of built-in operations (its instruction set) that is far richer than with the Turing machine, e.g. adding two binary integers, or branching to another part of a program if the binary integer in some register is equal to zero (conditional branch).

The CPU can interpret the contents of memory either as instructions or as data according to the fetch-execute cycle.

Von Neumann considered parallel computers but recognized the problems of construction and hence settled for a sequential system. For this reason, parallel computers are sometimes referred to as non-von Neumann architectures.

A von Neumann machine can compute the same class of functions as a universal Turing machine.

A von Neumann machine also has a central processing unit (CPU) with one or more registers that hold data that are being operated on. The CPU has a set of built-in operations (its instruction set) that is far richer than with the Turing machine, e.g. adding two binary integers, or branching to another part of a program if the binary integer in some register is equal to zero (conditional branch).

The CPU can interpret the contents of memory either as instructions or as data according to the fetch-execute cycle.

Von Neumann considered parallel computers but recognized the problems of construction and hence settled for a sequential system. For this reason, parallel computers are sometimes referred to as non-von Neumann architectures.

A von Neumann machine can compute the same class of functions as a universal Turing machine.

**http://salem.mass.edu/~tevans/VonNeuma.htm**.## von Neumann architecture

Hungarian-born John von Neumann (1903-1957), an internationally renowned mathematician, promoted a theoretical design for a computer in the 1940s. He envisioned the stored program concept, whereby instructions would be fed into the computer's internal memory (RAM), and they would be executed to process the data that were also fed into the same memory. Contrast with Harvard architecture.John Luis von Neumann |
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Von Neumann's name is perhaps mentioned more than any other early computer pioneer because the subject of sequential operations versus parallel operations is often discussed. (Image courtesy of The Computer History Museum, www.computerhistory.org) |

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