Voronezh, University of

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Voronezh, University of


(full name, Lenin Komsomol University of Voronezh), founded in 1918 around the University of lur’ev (the city of lur’ev, now Tartu), which was evacuated to Voronezh in that year. The university had departments of history and philology, medicine, law, and physics and mathematics. Medical, economics, and pedagogical institutes were established on the basis of the university in 1930-31. By 1941 departments of biology, physics and mathematics, chemistry, geology, geography, history and philology, and economics were operating. During the Great Patriotic War the University of Voronezh continued its work after evacuation; studies were resumed in Voronezh in September 1944. Among the prominent scientists who have worked at the university are the surgeon N. N. Burdenko, the chemist A. V. Dumanskii, and the botanists M.S. Tsvet, B. A. Keller, and B. M. Kozo-Polianskii.

In 1970 the University of Voronezh had departments of philology, history, Romance and Germanic philology, physics, mathematics, applied mathematics and mechanics, chemistry, biology and soil science, geology, geography, economics, and law; a preparatory department for foreign students; a preparatory division; a department of advanced training for teachers in institutions of higher learning in the areas of mathematics, chemistry, and foreign languages; correspondence and evening divisions; and a postgraduate division. The university had scientific research institutes in mathematics, physics, chromatography, economics, soil science, and geology; it has a botanical garden, a preserve, a zoological station, a computer center, and a publishing house. The library contains more than 1.2 million volumes. The university publishes Trudy (Transactions; since 1925).

In 1970 more than 13,000 students were studying at the University of Voronezh; there were about 900 teachers, including 50 professors and doctors of science and 350 associate professors and candidates of science. The University of Voronezh has trained 28,000 specialists.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.