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(vôr`tĭsĭzəm), short-lived 20th-century art movement related to futurismfuturism,
Italian school of painting, sculpture, and literature that flourished from 1909, when Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's first manifesto of futurism appeared, until the end of World War I.
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. Its members sought to simplify forms into machinelike angularity. Its principal exponent was a French sculptor, Gaudier-BrzeskaGaudier-Brzeska, Henri
, 1891–1915, French sculptor. He was the chief exponent of vorticism in sculpture. Mainly self-taught in England and Germany, Gaudier showed exceptional precocity in his draftsmanship, animal figures, and abstract works such as The Dancer.
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. The movement, however, had its largest following in England, where Wyndham Lewis, Ezra Pound, James Joyce, and T. S. Eliot wrote about it.


See W. C. Wees, Vorticism and the English Avant-Garde, 1910–1915 (1972).

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References in periodicals archive ?
"Nothing is being done in Paris, nothing can be done, faute de combatants." (1916, 197) The tone of Gourmont's latter statement, Pound then claims, is "almost the same tone in which Gaudier-Brzeska wrote to me a few days before he was shot at Neuville St.Vaast: 'Is anything of importance or even of interest going on in the world--I mean the "artistic London?'" Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, the French artist and Pound's Vorticist colleague killed in action in June 1915 at the age of twenty-three here alluded to, highlights the effects of the Great War on the production of art.
With the aim of tracing Lewis's shift from avant-garde artist to countermodernist critic, Andrzej Gasiorek structures the second chapter around the Vorticist magazine BLAST and the First World War as causes behind the development of Lewis's exceptionally complex and dialogical critical method.
Hulme's "Romanticism and Classicism" and the vorticist manifesto included in Blast's inaugural issue also makes it clear that from its very beginning Anglo-American Modernism was as interested in looking back to Classical tradition as it was in novelty and existed as a pointed stance against the status quo of modernity.
Tollof Nelson nos propone que "Orientalism married Modernism through the haiku aesthetic of arts as theorized and promulgated by Ezra Pound's Imagist and Vorticist manifestos before WWI (1908-1914)" (187).
She was swept into a social milieu fueled by alcohol and sexual freedom and became a regular at the Vorticist hangout, the Eiffel Tower Restaurant.
From the "slap in the face of public taste" invoked by Burliuk, Kruchenykh, Mayakovsky and Khelbnikov in their manifesto of the same title (Caws 230), to the "blasts" launched against numerous adversaries, including England and France, in Wyndham Lewis's Vorticist manifesto, aggressiveness became an integral component of the language of an avant-garde intent on attacking the institutions of bourgeois life.
I would not refer here to the details of the querelle between Marinetti's Avant-garde and the Vorticist movement after the publication of the English Futurist manifesto, Vital English Art, in the June 1914 edition of The Observer, but I would like to quote Pound directly from his lecture Vorticism, delivered in 1914 at the Rebel Art Centre.
Smoke Screen by Phoebe Mitchell is a lovely blend of purples and mauves in a hypnotic pattern, and Vorticist.D.Baby by Joe Packer features heavy impasto.
Loss takes this passage as a knowing, if critical, engagement with both Vorticist and Futurist rhetoric (162), while McCartney, highlighting its deployment of a Bergsonian language of "being" and "becoming" (Waugh, Vile 135), sees it as intervening in a still broader modernist debate informed by the French philosopher (McCartney 38).
The Geometry of Modernism: The Vorticist Idiom in Lewis, Pound, H.D., and Yeats.
The vorticist nature of Pavese's aesthetics is summarized in his motto in which beginnings are what really matter: "L'unica gioia al mondo e cominciare.