Vratsa District

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vratsa District


an administrative territorial unit in northwest Bulgaria. Area, 4,200 sq km. Population, 300,000 (1969). Its administrative center is the city of Vratsa.

The larger, northern part of Vratsa District is situated on the Lower Danubian Plain. The southern part is within the Stara Planina (Balkan Mountains) and its northern foothills. The principal rivers are the Ogosta, Skut, and Iskur. The climate is moderate continental; the annual precipitation totals approximately 600 mm. There are massifs of oak and (in the mountains) beech forests; near the Danube the vegetation is of the steppe variety.

The Vratsa District is an industrial and agricultural region. During the years of socialist development branches of industry were established that utilized local natural resources —natural gas, ore deposits of nonferrous metals, and raw material for cement. There is nonferrous metallurgy (in Eliseina) and the production of cement (in Beli-Izvor) and nitrogen fertilizers (near the city of Vratsa). Other industries include the pulp and paper (Miziia), textile (in the cities of Vratsa and Mezdra), and food industries. The machine-building industry is expanding. The first nuclear power plant in Bulgaria is under construction (1971) near the village of Kozlodui, on the shore of the Danube. Approximately 60 percent of the district’s territory is cultivated; part of the area is irrigated by the waters of the Danube and its tributary, the Iskur. The principal agricultural crops are wheat, corn, sunflowers, sugar beets,and tomatoes; there is also viticulture. Cattle and hogs are raised here. The Vratsa District supplies farm produce to Sofia and other regions. It has a railroad junction at Mezdra and a port on the Danube at Oriakhovo.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"There is a disastrous situation in Byala Slatina," Vratsa district governor Malina Nikolova told FOCUS News Agency - "There has not been any announcement in other settlements in the region." The storm had continued for about 15 minutes.
Daily repair works on state roads are being carried out to improve the state of the road network, inform the API press center.With a cold asphalt mixture today sections of Trakia Motorway were repaired, on the territory of the districts of Sofia and Plovdiv, of the Hemus Motorway in the Sofia region, the I-1 road in Vratsa district and others.
He noted that in order to protect the best interest of the children in the region of Vratsa, several institutions have joined forces to ensure the organization and coordination of the use of the room by all institutions working with children - the Municipality of Vratsa, which provides free of charge premises, Vratsa District Court and Vratsa Regional Court.
The project is expected to create new jobs in Vratsa District where both Mizia and Kozloduy are located.
The agenda of Wednesday's sitting of the caretaker government includes 20 points, including a decision on one-off aid to the heirs and successors of the flood victims in the village of Vranilovtsi, Gabrovo District, and the town of Mizia, Vratsa District.