Vulcan


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Vulcan,

in astronomy, hypothetical planet whose existence was proposed by Le VerrierLeverrier, Urbain Jean Joseph
, 1811–77, French astronomer who made calculations that led to the discovery of the planet Neptune. In considering the perturbations of Uranus, Leverrier made calculations indicating the presence of an unknown planet in an orbit outside that
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 to explain part of the advance of the perihelion of MercuryMercury,
in astronomy, nearest planet to the sun, at a mean distance of 36 million mi (58 million km); its period of revolution is 88 days. Mercury passes through phases similar to those of the moon as it completes each revolution about the sun, although the visible disk varies
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, not all of which could be accounted for by gravitational effects of the other planets under the Newtonian theory of gravitationgravitation,
the attractive force existing between any two particles of matter. The Law of Universal Gravitation

Since the gravitational force is experienced by all matter in the universe, from the largest galaxies down to the smallest particles, it is often called
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. The general theory of relativityrelativity,
physical theory, introduced by Albert Einstein, that discards the concept of absolute motion and instead treats only relative motion between two systems or frames of reference.
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, which explain the observed advance of the perihelion of Mercury as being caused by the curvature of space in the vicinity of the sun as a result of the sun's large mass, ended the search for Vulcan.

Vulcan,

in Roman religion and mythology, fire god. Chiefly a god of destructive fire, Vulcan seems to have originated as a god of volcanoes. His festival, the Volcanalia, was held on Aug. 23. He was later identified with the Greek HephaestusHephaestus
, in Greek religion and mythology, Olympian god. According to Homer he was the son of Hera and Zeus, but Hesiod states that he was conceived and borne by Hera alone. Originally an Asian fire god, in Greece he became the divine smith and god of craftsmen.
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.
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Vulcan

(vul -kăn) A hypothetical planet, thought during the 19th century to orbit the Sun within the orbit of Mercury. Searches for it during total solar eclipses and at suggested times of transit across the Sun were all unsuccessful. It is now known not to exist.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Vulcan

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Vulcan (related to the word volcano) is a “hypothetical planet” (sometimes referred to as the trans-Neptunian points or planets, or TNPs for short) that astronomers formerly speculated would be—and that a few astrologers still anticipate will be—found orbiting the Sun inside the orbit of Mercury. The nineteenth-century French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier was the first person to hypothesize its existence and, shortly after he made his theories known, people began to claim that they had observed Vulcan. It was named after the ancient Roman god of fire, who was also blacksmith to the gods. Alice Bailey’s system of esoteric astrology makes extensive use of Vulcan, and some esoteric astrologers still utilize it. Many astrologers anticipated that Vulcan, when discovered, would be assigned the rulership of Virgo. As astronomers gradually abandoned the notion of an intermercurial planet, Vulcan slowly faded from astrological discourse. There is, for example, no entry for Vulcan in such standard references as the Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology or Eleanor Bach’s Astrology from A to Z. Thanks to the Star Trek television series, the name is still alive, although Mr. Spock’s home planet bears little resemblance to the hypothetical planet of astronomical history.

Sources:

Bach, Eleanor. Astrology from A to Z: An Illustrated Source Book. New York: Philosophical Library, 1990.
Brau, Jean-Louis, Helen Weaver, and Allan Edmands. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: New American Library, 1980.
Corliss, William R. The Sun and Solar System Debris: A Catalog of Astronomical Anomalies. Glen Arm, MD: The Sourcebook Project, 1986.
DeVore, Nicholas. Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: Philosophical Library, 1947.
Gettings, Fred. Dictionary of Astrology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985.
The Astrology Book, Second Edition © 2003 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

Vulcan

[′vəl·kən]
(astronomy)
A hypothetical planet that was supposed to have an orbit within the orbit of Mercury; its existence was considered about 1859 and in the next few years, but it is generally considered by present-day astronomers to be nonexistent.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Vulcan

god of destruction, placated by gifts of captured weapons. [Rom. Myth.: Howe, 294]

Vulcan

blacksmith of gods; personification of fire. [Art: Hall, 128]
See: Fire
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Vulcan

1
the Roman god of fire and metalworking

Vulcan

2
a hypothetical planet once thought to lie within the orbit of Mercury
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

VULCAN

(database)
A version of JPLDIS ported to CP/M by Wayne Ratliff around 1980. VULCAN evolved into dBASE II.

VULCAN

(database)
The dBASE-like interpreter and compiler sold by RSPI with their Emerald Bay product.

VULCAN

(language)
An early string manipulation language.

["VULCAN - A String Handling Language with Dynamic Storage Control", E.P. Storm et al, Proc FJCC 37, AFIPS, Fall 1970].

VULCAN

(language)
A concurrent object-oriented logic programming language implemented as a preprocessor for FCP by Kahn et al at Xerox PARC.

["Vulcan: Logical Concurrent Objects", K. Kahn et al in Research Directions in Object- Oriented Programming, A.B. Shriver et al eds, MIT Press 1987].
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Formed in 2003, Vulcan Capital takes an entrepreneur-friendly approach and invests in both private and public companies with a long-term investment horizon.
Statements that are not historical fact, including statements about Vulcan's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements.
Mr Prior had seen a picture of the Vulcan soapbox prior to the event but never imagined he'd be hurtling down the course in the Quarry.
Vulcan's tag sent out its final transmission from a location south of the village of Calstone Wellington, in Wiltshire.
Vulcan partnered with the Santa Fe (Fla.) Audubon Society to identify and inventory the birds that utilize the rookery.
Vulcan said the acquisition of Aggregates USA, LLC will give Vulcan access to high quality, strategic assets in key southeastern US markets.
It was decided the easiest way to get the Vulcan to the airport was the most direct route - straight across the River Tees.
Located around the back of the airport, about 20 minutes' drive from the centre of town, Hangar 3 is home to the recently restored then retired Vulcan XH558--the iconic delta-wing jet aircraft that served as the UK's airborne nuclear "peacekeeper" in the Cold War.
The Vulcan appearance is part of a trio of Aston Martin events at this year's Motofest, which runs from June 4-5.
But people who used to patronise the Vulcan, which stood near Cardiff's city centre for almost 160 years before it was dismantled, are unlikely to recognise much of the interior.
Following on from last November's demonstration of the Vulcan in downtown Dubai, where the Aston Martin Middle East and North Africa ambassador was selected to put the 200mph car through its paces, the 34-year-old will now get back behind the wheel during a very special event.