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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city (until 1968, an urban-type settlement) in Kiev-Sviatoshino Raion, Kiev Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the right bank of the Dnieper. It is 18 km north of Kiev. Population, 11,200 (1970). The Kiev Hydroelectric Power Station is located here.

Vyshgorod is first mentioned in the chronicle for 946 as a city of Princess Ol’ga. It was a significant political, economic, and cultural center in the llth and 12th centuries and was the residence of Kievan princes. In 1240 the Tatars destroyed it. The site of the ancient fortified town is about 3 km in circumference. Archaeological excavations were conducted in Vyshgorod in 1934-37 and 1947. The city was divided into an inner fortress and a commercial-artisan quarter. Remains of earthen fortifications and a section of a street with semidugout houses have been discovered. Stoves for baking pottery and forges have been investigated. The foundations of the brick Church of Sts. Boris and Gleb (llth-12th centuries) have been discovered in the fortress.


Tikhomirov, M. N. Drevnerusskie goroda, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1956.
Dovzhenok, V. I.“Obzor arkheologicheskogo izucheniia drevnego Vyshgoroda za 1934-37 gg.,” Arkheologiia, 1950, vol. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On 18 February 1566, Ivan, in Moscow in the oprichnina, issued an immunity charter to Abbot Feoktist of the Simonov Monastery for a village (slobodka) and hamlets in Vyshgorod District.
Dubai: Team Abu Dhabi's Thani Al Qamzi and Ahmad Al Hameli finished seventh and ninth in the Grand Prix of Ukraine, round two of the 2013 UIM F1 H20 World Championship, on the Kiev Sea off Vyshgorod on Saturday.
Dubai: Team Abu Dhabi's Thani Al Qamzi and Ahmad Al Hameli are making their final preparations ahead of Saturday's Grand Prix of Ukraine on the Kiev Sea off Vyshgorod.
References throughout the SKto the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God--its translation from Byzantium to Vyshgorod, the princely suburb of Kiev, then to Vladimir in the 12th century, and finally to Moscow to save its Christian people from the pagan Temir Aksak in 1395--illustrated the Virgin's intercessory gift and God's benevolence that caused the migration of imperial power to Moscow (SK,, 416-17, 461-66; Polnoe sobranie russkikh letopisei 21, pt.
In particular, I rely on oral narratives that I collected during my research on the history of the Tartu school in 2001-2, and on the published memories about Lotman compiled in such editions as a Russian-language Estonian journal Vyshgorod. These post factum reconstructions of events by participants are most revealing, however, when juxtaposed to the actual documents of the time.