Vyshnegradskii, Aleksei Nikolaevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vyshnegradskii, Aleksei Nikolaevich


Born Nov. 25 (Dec. 7), 1851, in St. Petersburg; died there Apr. 29, (May 11), 1880. Russian organic chemist.

Vyshnegradskii graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1876. He was a student of A. M. Butlerov, in whose laboratory he worked from 1873. In 1878 when distilling cinchonine with potassium hydroxide he obtained quinoline and when distilling quinine, 6-methoxyquinoline. In 1880 he synthesized tetrahydroquinoline and ethyltetrahydropyridine and worked out a method of reducing organic compounds (particularly pyridine and its homologues) with metallic sodium in an alcoholic medium.


Musabekov, lu. S.“Vydaiushchiisia predstavitel’ butlerovskoi shkoly—Aleksei Nikolaevich Vyshnegradskii.” Zhurnal prikladnoi khimii, 1952, vol. 25, issue 7, pp. 681-86.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.