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(also Vytautas). Born 1350; died 1430. Grand prince of Lithuania from 1392. Son of Keistut.

After the union of Lithuania with Poland in 1385, Vitovt, supported by Lithuanian and Russian boyars living in the Russian regions of Lithuania, fought for Lithuania’s independence from Poland. He won the Polish king Jagello’s recognition as grand prince of Lithuania with the rights of a vicegerent. Obstructing the unification policy of the Muscovite princes, Vitovt concluded treaties with the princes of Tver’ (1427), Riazan’ (1430), and Pronsk (1430), who were hostile to Moscow. In 1404 he seized Smolensk, and he intervened in the affairs of Novgorod and Pskov. During 1406-08, he violated the borders of the Muscovite principality three times.

Under Vitovt, Lithuanian possessions extended to the upper reaches of the Oka River and to Mozhaisk. He took southern Podolia from the Tatars, extended his domains to the Black Sea, and fought stubbornly against the Teutonic Knights. Vitovt and Jagello were the organizers of the defeat of the Teutonic Knights at the Battle of Grünwald in 1410. In 1422, Vitovt made Żemaitija part of Lithuania again. (It had been seized by the Teutonic Knights in 1398.) Supported by his servitors, he tried to eliminate Gedyminas’ appanage princes in Rus’ and replace them with his vicegerents. Vitovt’s abolition of local principalities in Podolia, Kiev, Vitebsk, and other places enhanced the political importance of the Lithuanian boyars.


Liubavskii, M. K. Ocherk istorii Litovsko-Russkogo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1910.
Pashuto, V. T. Obrazovanie Litovskogo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1959.
Lietuvos TSR istorija, vol. 1. Vilnius, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
McCain was awarded the Grand Cross of Commander of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas and the Grand Cross of Commander of the Order of Vytautas the Great in 2018 for his merits to the Republic of Lithuania.
In 2004, Senn was awarded the Cross of the Officer of the Order of Vytautas the Great.
It's the start of Friday afternoon rush-hour and I take a snap of Vytautas the Great Bridge spanning the Nemunas.
This consolidation had been declared as political aim by both Great Duke of Lithuania Algirdas (1344-1377) and Vytautas the Great (1392-1430).
Voitech to Pagao prussia the deliberate elevation of Duke Vytautas the Great to the Bohemian throne the Jagielton Dynasty and so on Musical contacts between the Lithuanian and Czech Lands started to develop more vigorously in the 17th, 18th centuries the especially in the 19th century and have continued to deepen up to the present.
Vytautas the Great of Lithuanian heroic fame) finds himself thoroughly degraded in Soviet-occupied Vilnius, but still he comes up fighting.
Maironis also wrote three historical dramas on the life of Vytautas the Great (1350-1430), grand duke of Lithuania.
President Petro Poroshenko of Ukraine was awarded with the Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great for strengthening bilateral relations and his personal contribution to promoting partnership between Lithuania and Ukraine.
Vytautas, who is referred by Lithuanians as Vytautas the Great, is associated for a majority of people with this battle.
awarded President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko the Order of Vytautas the Great.
awarded the German Chancellor with one of the highest state decorations of Lithuania Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great.
awarded Chancellor Angela Merkel the Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great for her responsible European leadership and strengthening cooperation between Lithuania and Germany.