Wüthrich, Kurt

Wüthrich, Kurt,

1938–, Swiss chemist, Ph.D. Univ. of Basel, 1964. Wüthrich has been on the faculty at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology since 1969 and at the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif., since 2001. In 2002 he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with John FennFenn, John Bennett,
1917–2010, American chemist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Yale, 1940. Fenn spent the early years of his career working in industry (1940–52) and then for the U.S. Navy (1952–67) before becoming a professor at Yale (1967–94).
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 and Koichi TanakaTanaka, Koichi,
1959–, Japanese engineer, B.S. Tohoku Univ., 1983. He has been a researcher at Shimadzu Corporation in Kyoto, Japan, since 1983. Tanaka shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with John Fenn and Kurt Wüthrich for the development of methods for
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; he was awarded the prize for his use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to determine the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution. NMR spectroscopy enables proteins to be studied in solution, an environment that closely mimics the conditions found in living cells.