Watson


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Watson

1. James Dewey. born 1928, US biologist, whose contribution to the discovery of the helical structure of DNA won him a Nobel prize for physiology or medicine shared with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1962
2. John B(roadus). 1878--1958, US psychologist; a leading exponent of behaviourism
3. John Christian. 1867--1941, Australian statesman, born in Chile: prime minister of Australia (1904)
4. Russell. born 1973, British tenor, maker of the bestselling albums The Voice (2001) and Encore (2002)
5. Tom, full name Thomas Sturges Watson. born 1949, US golfer: won the US Open Championship (1982), the British Open Championship (1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983), and the World Series (1975, 1977, 1980)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Watson

A variety of AI tools from IBM, including cloud-based and desktop machine learning. Watson gained fame in 2011 as the supercomputer that beat two highly successful human Jeopardy winners. Named after Tom Watson, the founder of IBM, 200 million pages of content from encyclopedias, dictionaries, articles, books, news, literature, taxonomies and ontologies were mined for the contest. Using the semantic relationships from this data, Watson accepted Jeopardy questions in natural language and derived answers in real time within a few seconds.

Running SUSE Linux and Hadoop on a cluster of 90 POWER7 servers (nearly 3,000 processing cores), Watson was not online during the contest. All data were stored in its 16 terabytes of RAM for fast access. See Deep Blue.

From Games to Practical Use
After Jeopardy, Watson was put to use making treatment decisions at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, as well as to improve the customer experience at Citibank. Today, Watson is used to solve myriad problems using machine learning and deep learning. See IBM.
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References in classic literature ?
Carter Watson caught a quick vision of that eating-fork inserted uncomfortably between his ribs, knew that it would be rash to talk further with his mouth, and promptly turned to go.
But Patsy, charging like a bull, had the momentum of his rush, while Watson, whirling to meet him, had no momentum.
This was the first feeble sign that such a novelty as the telephone business could be established; and no money ever looked handsomer than this twenty dollars did to Bell, Sanders, Hubbard, and Watson. It was the tiny first-fruit of fortune.
"Because, my dear Watson, I had the strongest possible reason for wishing certain people to think that I was there when I was really elsewhere."
"Work is the best antidote to sorrow, my dear Watson," said he; "and I have a piece of work for us both to-night which, if we can bring it to a successful conclusion, will in itself justify a man's life on this planet..
"There was her statement, Watson, and to me, as you can imagine, it was like a light on a dark night.
We shall find him in Hudson Street to-morrow, Watson, and meanwhile I should be the criminal myself if I kept you out of bed any longer."
This gentleman, whose name was Watson, shook me heartily by the hand; and expressing great joy at meeting me, proposed our immediately drinking a bottle together.
Here, when we arrived at the tavern, Mr Watson applied himself to the drawer only, without taking the least notice of the cook; for he had no suspicion but that I had dined long since.
"Really, Watson, you excel yourself," said Holmes, pushing back his chair and lighting a cigarette.
"Come, we are getting on, Watson." His brow clouded, however, as he glanced over the contents.
I fear, Watson, that all our expectations come to nothing.