The red dotted square means a wireless body area network (WBAN
) following IEEE 802.15.6 .
. A WBAN
is defined as a set of low power devices such as microphones, headphones, or sensors used in the body that wirelessly communicates whit a central unit .
is faced with different security issues, for example, loss of information, confirmation and get to control.
Maps of (4) FRM and IMPROVE sites for 1999-2010 used in model development and trend estimation, (B) CASTNet and WBAN
sites used for trend estimation, and (C) IMPROVE sites for 1990-1998, CHS, CARB dichot, and IPN sites used in model evaluation (blue, green, and red symbols represent West, Mountain West, and East regions, respectively); Maps generated using locations of regulatory monitoring sites downloaded from the U.S.
The network-based approaches, such as Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6), can be considered as the most suitable approach for the mobility management in 6LoWPAN based WBAN
One important disadvantage in antennas for WBAN
applications is the reduction of antennas efficiency due to the proximity of the body, which increases the losses.
Advantages and diversity of wireless sensor nodes and their applicability in IoT paradigm justify healthcare related applications called Wireless Body Area Networks, WBAN
. Using several different sensor nodes, S.-L.
The authors in  introduce the concept of wireless body area networks (WBAN
) for big data medical applications where a constant data flow from various sensors is collected in long periods of time for a very large set of sensor nodes.
Due to this commercialization, ECC based technology is finding applicability in wired and wireless networks, mobile ad-hoc networks, Internet of Things (IoT), radio frequency identification, Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN
), smart grids, big data, ubiquitous computing and so on.
Engineers from the US, China, Europe, and Lebanon discuss organic paper-based antennas, flexible optically transparent antennas, inkjet-printed artificial magnetic conductors for wearable antenna applications, diversity antennas for wireless body area network (WBAN
) applications, mutual coupling reduction between flexible MIMO (multiple input multiple output) antennas, flexible and conformable antennas for body-centric radiofrequency identification, circularly polarized wearable antennas, flexible VHF animal collar antennas for GPS-aided wildlife tracking, and textile-based rectennas.
In , the potential risk of conducting Denial of Service (DoS) attacks in the Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN
's) is recognized.