Work Projects Administration

(redirected from WPA Federal Writers' Project)

Work Projects Administration

Work Projects Administration (WPA), former U.S. government agency, established in 1935 by executive order of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt as the Works Progress Administration; it was renamed the Work Projects Administration in 1939, when it was made part of the Federal Works Agency. Created when unemployment was widespread, the WPA—headed by Harry L. Hopkins until 1938—was designed to increase the purchasing power of persons on relief by employing them on useful projects. WPA's building program included the construction of 116,000 buildings, 78,000 bridges, and 651,000 mi (1,047,000 km) of road and the improvement of 800 airports. Also a part of WPA's diversified activities were the Federal Art Project, the Federal Writers' Project, and the Federal Theatre Project. Close to 10,000 drawings, paintings, and sculptured works were produced through WPA, and many public buildings (especially post offices) were decorated with murals. The experiments in theatrical productions were highly praised and introduced many fresh ideas. Musical performances under the project averaged 4,000 a month. The most notable product of writers in WPA was a valuable series of state and regional guidebooks. WPA also conducted an education program and supervised the activities of the National Youth Administration. At its peak WPA had about 3.5 million persons on its payrolls. Altogether WPA employed a total of 8.5 million persons, and total federal appropriations for the program amounted to almost $11 billion. There was sharp criticism of the WPA in a Senate committee report in 1939; the same year the WPA appropriation was cut, several projects were abolished, and others were curtailed. A strike of thousands of WPA workers to prevent a cut in wages on building projects was unsuccessful. Steadily increasing employment in the private sector, much speeded just before and during World War II, caused further drastic cuts in WPA appropriations and payrolls. In June, 1943, the agency officially went out of existence.

Bibliography

See D. S. Howard, WPA and Federal Relief Policy (1943).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Hathaway, 27 December 1938, and Wayne Walden, "Conversations In A Park," 24 October 1938, both in Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, WPA Federal Writers' Project Collection.
The Lower East Side received a great deal of attention when the WPA Federal Writers' Project undertook its "Jews of New York" study, one of hundreds of surveys sponsored by the New Deal.
Botkin's Lay My Burden Down (1945), which was an extract from 17 volumes of slave narratives collected by black and white interviewers for the WPA Federal Writers' Project. In the second half of the 20th century the growth of black cultural consciousness stimulated a renewed interest in slave narratives.
WPA Federal Writers' Project A program established in 1935 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) as part of the New Deal struggle against the Great Depression.