Wage Structure

Wage Structure

 

in the USSR, the quantitative relationships that exist among the elements that constitute wages. Wage-structure elements include payments made according to salary schedules or wage scales, increments to salaries or wages, payments for bonus piecework, awards, wage differentials, and wage coefficients. Each element plays a specific role in the execution of the functions of wages in the economic system of a society.

Wage scales are based on established wage rates and salary schedules. Remuneration made according to an established wage scale is a basic compulsory element of the wages of each industrial and nonindustrial worker and employee. It serves as a means of ensuring the uniformity of payments for work performed based on job difficulty and worker qualifications. The starting level of a wage scale is based on the established minimum wage.

Increments and wage differentials are paid systematically to industrial and nonindustrial workers and employees for completing a continuous length of service, for working at jobs demanding a high level of physical exertion, for fulfilling a great amount of work with fewer number of workers (in the case of time-rate wages), for participating in professional diversification, for being skilled in a particular field, for working night hours, and for working overtime.

Bonus-piecework payments stimulate the growth of labor productivity. Piece wage rates are paid at those jobs where productive output can be exactly measured.

Awards are added to wages when additional production problems have been solved. They are paid out of wage and material incentive funds. Regional wage coefficients have been instituted because of the great differences that exist between the natural, climatic, and other conditions in various parts of the country.

During the ninth five-year plan (1971–75) a minimum wage of 70 rubles a month was introduced along with a simultaneous increase in the wage rates and salary schedules for industrial and nonindustrial workers and employees receiving average pay in the production branches of industry. As a result, the share of wage rates and salary schedules in the wage structure increased from 62 to 70–75 percent for workers and from 74 to 78–82 percent for technical engineers. The level of labor rates consequently rose.

The increased use of material incentive systems and award payments has led to an increase in the share of awards in the wage structure. However, payment for bonus piecework has decreased as a result of the introduction of new wage rates and the review of quotas, as well as the reduced use of piecework systems. Night wage differentials increased from 14 to 50 percent in the textile and bread-baking industries and as much as 20 percent in other branches of industry. Increments have been established for continuous length of service in the northern part of the European USSR. At the same time, the share of other wage differentials (for example, for overtime work) has decreased.

D. N. KARPUKHIN

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
LIVERPOOL will have to tear up their wage structure to sign rising Dutch star Matthijs de Ligt.
In Oyo State, for example, while the incumbent governor, Abiola Ajimobi, announced his readiness to implement the new wage structure, the governor-elect, Seyi Makinde, has made it known that he doesn't think the state has capacity to pay N30,000 as minimum wage.
"It was decided by the board to adopt employment size in determining the classification of industries to simplify the wage structure," Lacambra said.
He said he had instructed the National Wages and Productivity Commission to expedite its review this year of the wage structure.
Like many other construction workers, particularly women, she is deprived of professional safety, social security, reassessment of their wage structure, professional training and health care facilities.
Farhad Moshiri smashed the club's wage structure during his first summer at the club but after wasting a lot of his money on underperforming players, and coaches, thereafter the majority shareholder has insisted that Marcel Brands tightens the ship.
Farhad Moshiri smashed the club's wage structure during his first summer at the club but after wasting a lot of his money on under-performing players, and coaches, thereafter the majority shareholder has insisted that Marcel Brands tightens the ship.
Court directs Punjab govt toregulate wage structure, working hours of domestic help.
Council leader John Thomas said the new wage structure at the council, agreed by cabinet yesterday, would also help to improve the gender pay gap at the authority.
Recently, the Union Cabinet approved Revision in the wage structure and allowances of Gramin Dak Sevaks of the Department of Posts.
The national co-ordination committee of six federations of major port workers also decided to call for a nation-wide one-day protest strike on May 28 against "the casual attitude of the ministry of shipping and Indian Ports Association (IPA) in settling the demands of the port workers for revising the existing wage structure and other service conditions, including pensionary benefits with effect from January 2017 consequent to the expiry of the existing wage settlement".
Experts often describe Korea's wage structure as the case of the tail wagging the dog.