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Wagner, Otto(ôt`ō väg`nər), 1841–1918, Austrian architect. A structural rationalism was exhibited in his stations for the Vienna city railroad, built in the 1890s. His later works, showing an individual and monumental style, include the Vienna Postal Savings Building and the Steinhof Church (1906). He became a professor at the Imperial Academy of Art in 1894. His many executed designs, his projects, his teaching, and his Moderne Architektur, of which there were four editions (1896–1914), were all widely influential both in Austria and abroad.
Born July 13, 1841, in Vienna; died there on Apr. 11, 1918. Austrian architect.
Wagner was a representative of the Viennese art nouveau and a member of the Vienna Secession. He moved from the construction of buildings that were intricate in composition and replete with elaborate decor (the Steinhof Hospital in Vienna, 1904-07) to a search for rationality and simplicity. Wagner’s interior of a building for a post office and savings bank (Vienna, 1904-06) showed him to be a forerunner of functionalism—he used nondecorative, geometrically precise forms and bare metal structure.