Wagner Act


Also found in: Legal, Financial.

Wagner Act

 

(official name, National Labor Relations Act), in the USA, the law regulating labor relations adopted on July 5, 1935. Named after its author, Senator R. Wagner.

The adoption of the Wagner Act was brought about by the attempt of the government of the USA to dampen the extremely sharp class contradictions associated with the world economic crisis of 1929-33. The act proclaimed the right of workers to organize, conclude collective contracts, and strike and the legalization of certain kinds of strikes. The act prohibited the employer from violating the workers’ right to conclude collective contracts and refusing to conclude such contracts, from exerting influence over trade unions, and from discrimination in hiring or firing for reasons of trade-union activity or the workers’ exercising their legal rights. On the basis of the Wagner Act the National Labor Relations Board was founded and was entrusted with broad authority, including the right to restore fired workers to their jobs. The constitutionality of the Wagner Act was recognized by the Supreme Court of the USA in 1937. As a federal act, the Wagner Act applied only to workers employed in federal enterprises; however it also influenced the legislation of states, the majority of which adopted the so-called little Wagner acts.

In practice, the application of the Wagner Act met with opposition from employers who used the administrative and judicial apparatus to try to negate the concessions won by the working class. As early as 1943 the rights of workers were restricted by the Smith-Connally Act. In 1947 the anti- labor Taft-Hartley Act was adopted, which virtually replaced the Wagner Act.

References in periodicals archive ?
1935 passage of the Wagner Act and the Supreme Court's ruling in
Unionized employees losing their right to pursue individual claims was not created by Weber, but rather is a consequence of the Wagner Act model.
Antoine, How the Wagner Act Came To Be: A Prospectus, 96 Mich.
satisfies freedom of association outside of the traditional Wagner Act
duty to bargain from the Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act, 29
The Wagner Act, passed by the New Deal Congress in 1935, was based on the bread and butter unionism of Samuel Gompers.
Circuit Court of Appeals will give Democratic President Obama and Republican senators another bone of contention in the staffing area.)The NLRB is a creature of the National Labor Relations Act -- aka the Wagner Act -- signed into law by President Franklin D.
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), better known as the Wagner Act, was passed shortly 'after the Schechter ruling as a means of keeping one of the key labor provisions of the NIRA in place the legal fight of labor to bargain collectively.
The NLRA, also called the Wagner Act, is a 1935 law that established the rights and obligations of workers and employers regarding union elections, strikes and collective bargaining.
The most significant piece of legislation in that regard was the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, also referred to as the Wagner Act, named after its chief sponsor, Senator Robert Wagner of New York.
Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the National Labor Relations Act, commonly referred to as the Wagner Act after its Senate sponsor Robert Wagner (D.-N.Y.).