Oran

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Oran

(ôräN`), city (1998 pop. 692,516), capital of Oran prov., NW Algeria, a port on the Gulf of Oran of the Mediterranean Sea. One of the country's leading ports, it ships wheat, wine, alcohol, vegetables, meat, wool, cigarettes, and iron ore. The city, surrounded by vineyards and market gardens, is a commercial, industrial, and financial center. Oran is divided into a modern, French-style section and an old Spanish-type quarter with a casbah (fortress). Its frequently visited 18th-century mosque was bombed in 1995 by Islamist militants who objected to the adoration of saints, a practice forbidden by Islam.

The site of modern Oran has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but the city's founding is generally attributed to Moorish Andalusian traders in the 10th cent. Oran's subsequent prosperity, based on commerce, was interrupted when the Moors began to engage in piracy, thus provoking reprisals from Spain. Spanish forces captured and fortified the city in 1509 and held it until the Turks arrived in 1708. Spain recovered Oran in 1732. The city was successfully besieged (1791) by the district governor of Mascara and was made a provincial capital of the Ottoman Empire.

French troops captured Oran in 1831 and began to develop it as a naval base, along with nearby Mers-el-KebirMers-el-Kebir
, town, NW Algeria, on the Gulf of Oran. Originally a Roman port, it has a long history of maritime importance. During the 15th cent. it was a center of activity for corsairs and was twice occupied by the Portuguese.
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. The building of the port and the construction of railroads linking Oran with the interior made the city the economic capital of W Algeria in the late 19th cent. Oran, held by Vichy France during World War II, fell to the Allied forces in Nov., 1942. Civil strife ravaged the city in the late 1950s; the French terrorist OAS (Secret Army Organization) and the Algerian nationalist FLN (Front for National Liberation) perpetrated violence against civilians. There followed a general exodus of the European population, which had been the largest, proportionally, of any North African city. The city provided the setting for Albert Camus's novel The Plague.

Oran

 

a city in northwestern Algeria and capital of the Oran wilaya. Main industrial, commercial, and transportation center of Algeria’s northwest. Population, 440,000 (1970, including suburbs).

In 1971, Oran’s seaport handled 1,900,000 tons, including such goods for export as wine, early vegetables and fruits (mainly artichokes and oranges), and esparto grass. Oran is a major railroad and highway junction, and the La Senia Airport is nearby.

Oran has food-processing and metalworking plants and chemical enterprises, including a large superphosphate plant. It also has a steel-smelting and pipe-rolling mill. Industries include textiles and the production of glass, cement, and other construction materials. There is a thermoelectric power plant in the city. Local craftsmen make handmade leather footwear and woolen articles.

Oran has a university. The municipal museum displays archaeological, ethnographic, and zoological materials. The Tlemcen Museum has a collection of Islamic art. Oran was founded in the tenth century.

Oran

a port in NW Algeria: the second largest city in the country; scene of the destruction by the British of most of the French fleet in the harbour in 1940 to prevent its capture by the Germans. Pop.: 744 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This was very insulting to the citizens of his hometown Wahran, and have therefore demanded to ban him from performing any concerts in their state.
Muftah, who was among the judges for the Wahran Cinema Festival in Algeria, denied Egyptian accusation stating that the judges wanted to present a Moroccan film as a winner instead of an Egyptian one.
Enfin, du cote de la ville du Khroub, le public de la maison de la culture a apprecie jeudi et vendredi derniers les soirees du [beaucoup moins que] Wahran Comedy Club [beaucoup plus grand que] en compagnie d'humoristes tels qu'Amine Boumediene, Samir Benalla et Djamel Rizek.
Kyoma Tatami, owned by Al Montasir, trained by Alan Smith and ridden by Avranche, was another surprise winner when it beat Wahran by one-and-one-fourth-length to win the Shaikh Khalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa Cup for locally bred horses which carried a cash prize of BD1,000.
Vous avez chante, lors de votre passage dans l'emission Arab Idol, la chanson phare d'Ahmed Wahbi, [beaucoup moins que] Wahran [beaucoup plus grand que].
Doc Holliday beat Wahran by three-fourth-length while Between The Sheets and Luna Dentro finished third and fourth.
L'histoire, le patrimoine et la beaute d'Oran sont abordes dans un nouveau recueil poetique [beaucoup moins que] Wahran, arwini min nabaa hananek [beaucoup plus grand que] (Oran, desaltere-moi de la source de ta tendresse), de l'ecrivaine et journaliste Zohra Berriah.
Kayda and Wahran are the second and third favourites respectively.
Calculated Strike, owned by Al Montasir, trained by Smith and ridden by Avranche, looks good to win the race ahead of Wahran and Carte Blance.
Introduit par une reprise de la chanson [beaucoup moins que] Mazel Kayen l'Espoir [beaucoup plus grand que] en hommage au regrette Cheb Hasni (1968-1994), le gala a demarre avec Yasmine Ammari qui a seduit le public avec Bent Wahran et, en exclusivite, son tout nouveau titre [beaucoup moins que] Venez danser le rai [beaucoup plus grand que].
000 DA), a echu aux deux auteurs Kamel Kadim pour [beaucoup moins que] Aroussat Wahran [beaucoup plus grand que] et Madani Fadela de Sidi Bel-Abbes.
Cote transport, les Oranais n'ont pas a se plaindre avec l'introduction du tramway qui a peut-etre fait retrecir la chaussee, rendant la ville un peu etroite, aux yeux de ceux qui ont toujours deambule dans les vastes arteres et boulevards qui font tant la reputation de Wahran.