Considering that the constant symbolic use of the rose and lily goes as far back as Walafrid Strabo
in Charlemagne's time and was common everywhere, and taking into account the context in which it was written, surely William Dunbars Rose in The Thrissel and the Rose must be the Tudor Rose?
'' One of the texts studied by historian Dr Tony Hunt was a 9th century Latin poem by German poet Walafrid Strabo
called Hortalus or LittleGarden.
In his equation of symbology and horticulture, Durtal's study roots him in his sources, orienting his thought toward the soil, whence his fanciful project of constructing a liturgical garden, "un petit clos medicinal copie sur celui que Walafrid Strabo
avait autrefois plante dans les dependances de son couvent" (L'Oblat 1: 23) (3) Planted with lilies signifying the candor of saints and the purity of the Virgin, with roses representing the blood of martyrs, (4) with ferns figuring a humility so perfect "qu'elle ne se decouvre qu'apres la mort" (La Cathedrale 2: 35), the garden connects the earth to heaven.
Jean Leclercq, in an essay entitled "La `lecture divine,'" approached the subject from his own perspective, a result of long years of study in the monastic tradition.(15) What he proposed there bore most significantly upon the medieval tradition, the theologians that range from Gregory the Great to Bernard of Clairvaux, and include, among others, Rabanus Maurus, Walafrid Strabo
, Anselm, Rupert of Deutz, and Peter Cellus.
Nature, derided by des Esseintes as pointless and trite, is converted by Durtal into the rich text of Walafrid Strabo
's liturgical garden.