Waldeck Rochet


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Rochet, Waldeck

 

Born Apr. 5, 1905, in Sainte-Croix, department of Saône-et-Loire. Figure in the French and international workers’ movement.

Son of a peasant, Rochet began working at the age of eight; he worked as a shepherd and later as an agricultural worker. In 1924 he joined the French Communist Party (FCP) and was soon elected to the party committee for the department of Saône-et-Loire, where he was responsible for political work among the peasants. From 1932 to 1934 he was secretary of the Lyon federation of the FCP, and in 1934 he became secretary of the agrarian section of the FCP Central Committee and a member of the Bureau of the General Confederation of Working Peasants of France. In 1935 he was a delegate to the Seventh Comintern Congress. In 1936 he was elected a candidate member of the FCP Central Committee. In the same year he was elected a deputy to the French parliament. From 1937 to 1976 he was a full member of the FCP Central Committee.

During World War II, Rochet was convicted in the trial of the 44 Communist deputies (1940), fabricated by the reactionary forces, and sentenced to five years at hard labor; he served his sentence in Algeria. In 1943, after being freed, he became the FCP representative on the French Committee of National Liberation in London. In 1945 he was elected a deputy to the Constituent Assembly and later to the French National Assembly. From 1954 to 1958 Rochet was deputy chairman of the FCP bloc in the National Assembly, and in the years 1958–59 and 1962–64 he was chairman of the bloc. At the first postwar FCP Congress, he was elected a candidate member of the Politburo, becoming a full member in 1950 and serving in this capacity until 1972. From 1959 to 1972 he was a member of the Secretariat of the FCP Central Committee; from 1961 to 1964 he was deputy general secretary, and from 1964 to 1972, general secretary of the FCP. At the Twentieth Congress of the FCP, held in December 1972, he was elected honorary chairman of the party.

WORKS

Qu’est-ce que la Philosophie marxiste? Paris [1962].
Le Marxisme et les chemins de l’avenir. Paris [1966].
L’A venir du Parti communiste français. Paris [1969].
In Russian translation:
Izbrannye stat’i i rechi (19401969gg.). Moscow, 1972.
Put’k osvobozhdeniiu krest’ianstva. Moscow, 1953.
“Sorok let Kommunisticheskoi partii Frantsii.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1961, no. 1.
Truzheniki polei. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Contract for the renovation of exterior lighting at the Waldeck Rochet site in La Courneuve (93120)
Their paths diverged, and when Waldeck Rochet began the PCF's softening in 1964, Aragon rallied enthusiastically, going so far as to condemn the Soviet repression of the dissident writers Siniavsky and Daniel in 1966, and supporting the reforms of the Czech spring.
This operation consists of renewing reaches 080 080 February 81 and February 86 on a linear of about 1760 meters located in the municipality of La Courneuve (93) - Departmental Park of La Courneuve, on 1400 meters (124,080 Neuil February 81)- Rue Waldeck Rochet, intercommunal cemetery and rue Helene Boucher, 360 meters (Neuil 124 080 02 86).
Management and disposal of waste stored temporarily Waldeck Rochet Avenue.
Call for applications for a mission prime contractor for asbestos removal and demolition of buildings and superstructures located street girls, rue Waldeck Rochet, Pillar in Aubervilliers (93) Plots cadasterised section P, numbers 152, 153, 161, 34, 162, 33, 172, 31, 30, 125, 126, 28, 140, 141, 142, 143, 146, 173, 27, 25, 144, 1, 53, 154 and 22.