Waldseemüller, Martin

Waldseemüller, Martin

(mär`tĭn vält'zāmül`ər), Gr. Ilacomilus, 1470?–1522?, German cosmographer. A member of a society of humanists known as the Gymnasium Vosagense, he lived at Saint-Dié, Lorraine, during the latter part of his life. He was the first cartographer to call the New World America. He sketched the New World in two maps (the first to show North and South America separate from Asia) that he published in 1507 together with an explanatory treatise, Cosmographiae introductio, and Amerigo VespucciVespucci, Amerigo
, 1454–1512, Italian navigator in whose honor America was named, b. Florence. He entered the commercial service of the Medici and in 1492 moved to Seville.
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's account of his voyages to the New World. Waldseemüller also prepared with his colleagues a new edition of PtolemyPtolemy
(Claudius Ptolemaeus), fl. 2d cent. A.D., celebrated Greco-Egyptian mathematician, astronomer, and geographer. He made his observations in Alexandria and was the last great astronomer of ancient times.
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, published in 1513.

Bibliography

See The Cosmographiae Introductio of Martin Waldseemüller in Facsimile (U.S. Catholic Historical Society, 1907, repr. 1969).

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