Walter Bradford Cannon

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Cannon, Walter Bradford

 

Born Oct. 19, 1871, in Prairie du Chien, Wis.; died Oct. 1, 1945, in Franklin, N.H. American physiologist and doctor of medicine (1900).

Cannon graduated from Harvard University in 1896. He was a professor of physiology at the Harvard Advanced Medical School from 1906 to 1942. In 1897 he pioneered the use of the X-ray method in his research on the motor function of the gastrointestinal tract. His principal works were devoted to neurohumoral regulation of functions, the role of the sympathetic nervous system and hormones in the formation of emotions, and internal equilibrium of the body, which he named homeostasis (1929). He elaborated the toxemic theory of shock and made a substantial contribution to the chemical theory of the transmission of the nerve impulse; he also investigated the change in reactivity of denervated muscles.

An antifascist, Cannon was a progressive public figure in the USA. He corresponded with I. P. Pavlov. He became an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1942.

WORKS

The Wisdom of the Body. New York, 1939.
The Way of an Investigator. New York, 1945.
In Russian translation:
Fiziologiia emotsii. Leningrad, 1927.
Problema shoka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1943.
References in periodicals archive ?
org/details/cu31924022542470) Walter Cannon noted that stomach functions are changed in animals when frightened.
Aviation Boatswain's Mate (Handling) 2nd Class Walter Cannon said Stumm has provided him with valuable mentorship and assistance.
Walter Cannon defined stress as "an external factor affecting bodily homeostasis".
As a student at Harvard he was very much influenced by the homeostatic models of Walter Cannon and Lawrence Henderson.
Organismic biology: Walter Cannon, feedback and homeostasis
Walter Cannon spent his undergraduate years at Harvard University and continued on at Harvard Medical School, where the faculty held that interested medical students should be encouraged to conduct original research.
We are told two times, for instance, that Walter Cannon (dates also repeated) coined the term "homeostasis" (340, 562).
Interested in studying sports therapy, Clare was allowed to shadow the Jags' physio, Walter Cannon, as he treated the club's crocked players at Firhill.
Keller's lawyer, Walter Cannon, said the sheriff denies that he did anything to cause her to lose her job or that any member of the police department did anything wrong.
In the later chapters Lederer delineates the role of leading medical researchers like Walter Cannon (who chaired the AMA's Council on the Defense of Medical Research), who attempted to establish ethical research standards and the importance of legal and political threats - and who tried to find ways to gain truly informed consent when the spectre of coercion loomed.
Cowan goes on to draw a parallel between Lawrence's notion and the concept of homoeostasis as defined by the physiologist Walter Cannon.
Pioneer gastroenterologist Walter Cannon used the new technique of radiography to study colonic motolity in the cat at the turn of the century.