Walter Citrine

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Citrine, Walter


Born Aug. 22, 1887, in Liverpool. British reformist figure in the trade union movement.

Citrine joined the Electrical Trades Union in 1914. From 1924 to 1926 he served as assistant secretary of the British Trade Union Congress (BTUC) and, from 1926 to 1946, as general secretary. From 1928 to 1945 he was president of the Amsterdam International of Trade Unions. In 1946 he was president of the International Federation of Trade Unions; he later played an important role in the decision of the BTUC to leave the federation. He was made a baron in 1946. Citrine has headed various administrative bodies of nationalized branches of British industry. He has also been a member of several government committees and councils.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rather, according to Morgan, the strike devolved as an exercise in the rationalization of union power and procedure by TUC moderates Ernest Bevin and Walter Citrine. The initial syndicalist conception was of a more short-lived demonstration action of improvised union alliances with its primary energy drawn 'from below.' Purcell's exact role remains somewhat inscrutable, but the strike itself became a 'general' stoppage of carefully delineated scope and possibly indefinite duration, allowing Bevin and his allies to establish the basis for more explicit lines of authority, procedure and discipline.
Labour leaders such as Clement Atlee, Herbert Morrison, and Walter Citrine worked hard to become more effective radio speakers, while others, such as Stafford Cripps, were "naturals" in front of the microphone and became popular broadcasters.
Churchill's letter to Sir Walter Citrine on the question of civil servants' affiliation to the Trades Union Congress was welcomed ' as a, challenge " by Mr.
One of his predecessors was Walter Citrine,a Liverpool electrician who was TUC general secretary for 20 years from 1926 to1946.
The subsequent leadership of moderate reformers like Walter Citrine led to new ideas, greater emphasis "on the involvement of the trade unions in the economic system in order to use their influence to improve the material well-being of their members," (161) and closer contacts with the American, Australian, and New Zealand labour movements.
Hence, Caribbean industrial relations has been influenced by figures such as former British Trade Union Congress leader Sir Walter Citrine, but also by strong national trade union leaders such as Nanda Gopaul in Guyana.