He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin," and in 1980, he and Walter Gilbert
shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids" with Paul Berg who won "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA."
(shown) coins the phrase "RNA world" for the early Earth environment in which RNA stored information and replicated itself.
Laura Furman Celia and Walter Gilbert
Daniel Hall John Hollander Nicholas Howe and Georgina Kleege Anthony Hecht James Hoggard S.
, the successful biotechnology entrepreneur and well-known Nobel Prize-winning Professor at Harvard University.
Friedman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990-Physics; Walter Gilbert
, Harvard University, 1980-Chemistry; Alfred G.
Leading biochemical scientists, including University of California at Berkeley retrovirus expert Peter Duesberg and Nobel Prize winner Walter Gilbert
, have been warning for years that there is no proof that HIV causes AIDS.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Paul Berg of Stanford University for his studies of the manipulation of gene structures, and to Walter Gilbert
of Harvard University and Frederick Sanger of England for their work on reading the fine details of the structure of DNA.
They competed against a team of scientists at the University of California, and a Harvard team led by Walter Gilbert
, a former physicist who switched to molecular chemistry at the urging of Watson himself.
One of the world's first global biotechnology companies, Biogen was founded in 1978 by Charles Weissmann, Heinz Schaller, Kenneth Murray and Nobel Prize winners Walter Gilbert
and Phillip Sharp, and today has the leading portfolio of medicines to treat multiple sclerosis, has introduced the first and only approved treatment for spinal muscular atrophy and is focused on advancing neuroscience research programs in Alzheimer's disease and dementia, multiple sclerosis and neuroimmunology, movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders, pain, ophthalmology, neuropsychiatry and acute neurology.
Founded in 1978 as one of the world's first global biotechnology companies by Charles Weissman and Nobel Prize winners Walter Gilbert
and Phillip Sharp, Biogen has a portfolio of medicines to treat multiple sclerosis.