Walther von Brauchitsch


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Brauchitsch, Walther von

 

Born Oct. 4, 1881, in Berlin; died Oct. 18, 1948, in Hamburg. General and field marshal in the fascist German Army (1940). Born into the family of a military officer.

Brauchitsch served in the army from 1900. He took part in World War I in staff positions and afterward served in the Reichswehr. In 1932 he became inspector general of artillery, from 1933 he commanded the First Military District, and in 1935 he became commander of the I Army Corps. From 1937 he commanded the 4th Army Group. On Feb. 4, 1938, after the dismissal of General W. von Fritsch, Brauchitsch was appointed commander in chief of ground forces. He participated in the development and realization of war plans in the West and against the USSR. After the failure of the offensive against Moscow, he was discharged on Dec. 19, 1941, and placed in the reserves. In 1945 he surrendered and was taken prisoner by British forces. He died in a hospital for prisoners of war.

References in periodicals archive ?
Walther von Reichenau, Commander-in-Chief of the 10th Army for the invasion of Poland, Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch and Hans von Kluge, who commanded the 4th Army, were also artillerymen, and General Paul von Kleist and Erich Manstein, another key army commander, had been in the cavalry (although Manstein too had been wounded).
So large were the flaws in the original Case Yellow plan that its very submission to Adolf Hitler can be interpreted as a form of insubordination, insofar as Generals Walther von Brauchitsch, commander in chief of the army, and his chief of staff, General Franz Halder, saw nothing but gathering catastrophe in an all-out assault on France before 1942.
Walther von Brauchitsch, to persuade other generals to join him; resigned from the army (August 1938), and on Brauchitsch's request kept the reason for his resignation secret; involved in anti-Nazi activities, he was a principal in the abortive assassination-coup plot of July 20, 1944; committed suicide in his office after he was arrested by Gen.
On June 19th, 1939, General Walther von Brauchitsch, Commander in Chief of the German Army, sent desperate letters to Hitler and to his colleague Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the Wehrmacht High Command.