Wampanoag


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Wampanoag

(wäm'pənō`ăg), confederation of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, MassasoitMassasoit
, c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully, if warily, observed
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, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Metacom (Philip), however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's WarKing Philip's War,
1675–76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom.
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 (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. However, in 1990 there were over 2,000 Wampanoag living in the United States, most of them in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

Bibliography

See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Metacom replaced his elder brother as chief of the Wampanoags.
pdf) writings by Plymouth leaders Edward Winslow and William Bradford show that five deer contributed to the dinner by Massasoit, the leader of the Wampanoag people, were the main attraction.
Fifteen years pass and the outcast child grows up into Ghost (Urban), a highly skilled hunter and warrior, who is still viewed with suspicion by his Wampanoag brethren.
In 1620, the area from Narragansett Bay in eastern Rhode Island to the Atlantic Ocean in southeastern Massachusetts, including Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, was the home of the Wampanoag.
Researchers now believe it was leptospirosis that killed most of the Wampanoag tribe living in that small village.
Her use of the 1727 book Indian Converts by missionary Experience Mayhew (a man who grew up bilingual and himself dreamt in the Wampanoag language) makes for her most compelling interpretations of Indian dreams.
At the National Day of Mourning, we gather on Cole's Hill and tell the history of the Wampanoag people and challenge the myth of why the Pilgrims came and that everyone lived happily ever after.
All of the band members are Native American, with Peters and Coombs being members of the Federally recognized Mashpee Wampanoag tribe, and Johnson being of the Louisianna Choctaw band.
30 letter left out one important detail about the welcoming attitude the Wampanoag Indians showed the Pilgrims.
Nitana is Mashpee Wampanoag and specialized in culturally-based education at Boston College.