Wampanoag

(redirected from Wampanoags)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Wampanoag

(wäm'pənō`ăg), confederation of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, MassasoitMassasoit
, c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully, if warily, observed
..... Click the link for more information.
, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Metacom (Philip), however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's WarKing Philip's War,
1675–76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. However, in 1990 there were over 2,000 Wampanoag living in the United States, most of them in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Bibliography

See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pilgrim's feast was lacking, though, until the Wampanoags arrived carrying five deer.
Fracos e doentes, eles foram ajudados por Massasoit, chefe dos Wampanoag, com Squanto (que havia sido capturado e levado a Inglaterra e que fugira de volta aos EUA) como interprete.
The text is known as "Mittark's Will" and although it has a contested history, it suggests that invoking the authority of God was an important tactic when Wampanoags were trying to preserve a land base on Martha's Vineyard.
When the Pilgrims arrived, we, the Wampanoags, welcomed them with open arms, little knowing that it was the beginning of the end.
In an attempt to assert his power, the chief declares, "I started to my feet and shouted the shrill battle cry of the Wampanoags.
Whole villages were wiped out; historians estimate that as many as three-fourths of the Wampanoags were killed.
Plays such as The Last of the Serpent Tribe, Last of the Noridgewocks, Last of the Shikellemus, Last of the Mohicans, or Last of the Wampanoags, notwithstanding their romantic titles, express a complex yet consensual wish to remove American Indians both from white America's imaginary and from American lands.
Unlikely in a sauce, according to food historian Kathleen Curtin, although they may have been part of a Wampanoag dish.
When Child comments, "I might as well put on their blankets," she signals the absurdity not of the impulse for transmigration but (to pick one example) of actor Edwin Forrest's costume in the lead role of Metamora; or, The Last of the Wampanoags (1829).
Metacom replaced his elder brother as chief of the Wampanoags.
1) Though the epidemic affected the New England coast between the Kennebec River and possibly Penobscot Bay to the north and Narragansett Bay in the south, its effects seem to have been limited to those tribes that were involved in a loose confederation with French traders, including the Massachusetts, Wampanoags, (2) Pawtuckets, Pemaquids, Pennacooks, and Abenaki.