Wang Fu-chih

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wang Fu-chih


Wang Ch’uan-shan. Born Oct. 7, 1619; died Feb. 18, 1692. Chinese materialist philosopher and author of many works. Participant in the armed struggle against the Manchu conquerors.

Wang Fu-chih believed that matter was eternal and opposed the Buddhist doctrine of the illusoriness of the world. As an adherent of the idea of the absolute movement and development of the world, he thought that things do not originate and get destroyed but only “leave and arrive,” “are gathered and dispersed,” and “become dark and light.” He established the “theory of the daily new birth of human nature” whereby he interpreted the essence of human nature as something inherent to biology. Wang Fuchih criticized feudalism and demanded an equal distribution of good and evil in society; his views were progressive in the context of 17th-century China.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957. Page 183.
Hou Wai-lu. Chungkuo tsaoch’i ch’imeng ssuhsiang shih. Peking, 1956. (A history of the early Enlightenment in China.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
These include his own younger brother Wang Ji (590-644), who was the subject of Warner's first book; Wang Tong's son Wang Fuzhi; his grandson Wang Bo (6497-6767), the important poet; and numerous others.
Scholars during the Ming-Qing transition like Huang Zhongxi, Gu Yanwu, and Wang Fuzhi inquired deeply into sources and developed evidential scholarship, which checked texts for accuracy and defined anachronisms.
(10) Yin Xieli and Yang Yongan, the most recent scholars to study the authorship of the Shijia, both conclude it is by Wang Tong's son, Wang Fuzhi [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (possibly in collaboration with his brother Fujiao), in part because his name is already attached to all but one of the signed appendices to the Zhongshuo.
It seems reasonable to assume that this nephew of Wang Ning's is Wang Fuzhi, on the grounds that he is the author of the other signed appendices to the Zhongshuo.
Most scholars believe that Wang Fuzhi fabricated this conversation, primarily because its story of Wang Tong's uncanny prophecy smacks of fable.
It bears Wang Fuzhi's name, and it includes a preface explaining the circumstances of Wang Ji's letter and the reasons behind the omission of Wang Tong's biography from Sui shu.