Wang Ching-wei

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Related to Wang Jingwei: Chiang Kai-shek, Zhang Xueliang, Peng Dehuai

Wang Ching-wei

(wäng jĭng-wā), 1883–1944, Chinese revolutionary and political leader. A supporter of Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
, Mandarin Sun Wen, 1866–1925, Chinese revolutionary. He was born near Guangzhou into a farm-owning family. He attended (1879–82) an Anglican boys school in Honolulu, where he came under Western influence, particularly that of Christianity.
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, Wang was sentenced (1910) to life imprisonment for attempting to assassinate the regent of China. Freed in 1912, he studied in France until 1917, when he became personal assistant to Sun. Upon Sun's death (1925) Wang became chairman of the national government, though he remained in conflict with Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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, who led the military and the right-wing of the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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. In uneasy truce, he served as premier (1932–35) and deputy leader of the Kuomintang (1938). Wang broke with Chiang in 1938, advocating peace with Japan and continued struggle against the Communists. From 1940 to his death he was premier of the Japanese puppet government at Nanjing.

Bibliography

See study by G. E. Bunker (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wang Ching-Wei

 

Wang Chao-ming. Born circa 1884; died Nov. 10, 1944. Chinese political figure. Member of the Kuomintang.

Wang Ching-wei participated in the bourgeois Hsinhai Revolution of 1911. In 1925 and 1926 he was chairman of the Kuangchou Kuomintang government. From April through August 1927 he was chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Kuomintang as well as chairman of the Kuomintang government in Wuhan. In July 1927 he led a counterrevolutionary coup in Wuhan. From 1932 to 1935, Wang Ching-wei was minister of foreign affairs in the Nanking Kuomintang government, and he was the leader of the pro-Japanese faction in the Kuomintang. In December 1938 he fled from the city of Chungking (the provisional capital of China) and openly went over to the side of the Japanese invaders. A traitor to his native land, Wang Ching-wei was head of the puppet government created by the Japanese imperialists in Nanking from 1940 to 1944. He died in Japan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This may be the reason why some scholars have compared Chen Bijun to Empress Dowager Cixi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and even condemned her as a "supra-emperor"; that is, Chen controlled Wang Jingwei to a great extent.
Due to Wang Jingwei's succession to Sun Zhongshan's status within the GMD and her significant contributions to Sun's revolutionary movement and to the founding of the Republic of China, Chen Bijun had been honorifically addressed as Wang Furen for decades.
Wang Jingwei was almost killed by an assassin at the Sixth Plenum of the GMD Fourth Central Committee in November 1935.
Wang Jingwei also appreciated his wife's political advice and aid.
It was under such conditions of his personal rivalry and frustrations with Chiang and his pessimistic outlook on the war with Japan that pushed Wang Jingwei on to the road of the "Peace Movement."
Back in January 1938, Wang Jingwei had realized that Konoe's announcement was an implied invitation to lead the peace talks from the GMD side, but Wang hesitated to act.
At the time, Wang Jingwei perfectly understood the special importance of Guangdong to his "Peace Movement." This province is China's main gateway to south China and has been important in Sino-foreign relations for centuries.
Wang Jingwei's exit from China after the Zhongshan Gunboat Incident in March 1926 did not hinder Gan's rise.
Gan ultimately turned down the positions and traveled to Wuhan to reconnect with Wang Jingwei, who had arrived from abroad in early April 1927, but Gan occasionally returned to Nanjing to meet with National Government personnel about policy issues.
After Japan's invasion of Manchuria in September 1931, Jiang Jieshi and Wang Jingwei re-established a cooperative relationship.
If we refrain from assessing his writings in light of his later associations in mid- to late 1927 with Wang Jingwei's Wuhan government, we see that Gan hewed closely to Sun's philosophical positions, including Sun's later policies of cooperation with the Soviet Union, alignment with the Chinese Communist Party in a United Front, and sponsorship of the mass movement of peasants and workers.
After the united front: Wang Jingwei and the left Guomindang.