Waqf


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Waqf

 

or wakuf (Arabic, literally “retention”), property relinquished by the state or by an individual for religious or charitable purposes, in accordance with Muslim law. The institution of waqf arose in the seventh and eighth centuries in the Caliphate. It spread to all the Islamic countries and became the economic basis for the vast influence of the Muslim clergy. A waqf could consist of immovable or movable inalienable property. There were two kinds of waqfs: basic, in which the donor lost all rights to the property turned over; and ordinary, in which part of the income was left for hereditary use by the donor and his descendants. Special persons (mutawallis or nazirs) managed the waqf. In many countries of the Islamic East, waqfs have survived in one form or another to the present day (for instance, in Saudi Arabia and several other countries).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was proposed that if some legal entity is introduced in the model, to avoid direct contractual relationship between Takaful operator and the participants and to isolate the participants from all commercial nature activities of Takaful business, then all Shari'ah issues can be resolved; as Waqf is an institution which has its own legal entity and thus capacity to own things, enter into contracts and become party in legal matters.
The Jerusalem Islamic Waqf said in a statement that Khatib, who is a Jordanian government official, was summoned for questioning by the Israeli intelligence.
By definition a "Waqf" is a trust or public endowment which is operated generally on a non-profit basis as a custodian of funds for members or participants of the Waqf fund.
Azzam al-Khatib, director general of Waqf, said the people reached the site 'despite checkpoints and a large security presence'.
Construction was realized based on a protocol signed on 10th March 2014 between the Waqf Directorate IC in BiH and Directorate General of Foundations of the Republic of Turkey.
The Imam Jabir Bin Zayd Waqf Establishment celebrated yesterday the launch of the 'Waqf' (endowment) initiative.
Jordanian Minister of Waqf Abdel Naser Abu Basel last week described the ban on Salhab, who holds diplomatic status, as "unacceptable" and said the Israeli move was designed to "cripple" the work of the Jerusalem waqf and "terrorize" its members.
Sheikh Abdelazeem Salhab, chairman of the Waqf Council appointed by neighbouring Jordan, said that the structure, called Mercy Gate, would 'remain open for Muslims to pray,' despite Israel's ultimatum to close the site by next Monday.
The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) warmly welcomed the decision by the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) dated 2 March 2019 to establish and operationalize a Waqf endowment fund, in support of Palestine refugees.
The decision on Sunday came weeks after the Islamic Waqf Council, a religious body appointed by Jordan to oversee the Al-Aqsa compound, defied a 16-year Israeli ban on the Bab al-Rahma building within the site and reopened it to Muslim worshippers, Al-Jazeera reported.
Waqf in Zaydi Yemen: Legal Theory, Codification, and Local Practice