(full name al-Waqidi Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Umar). Born 747 in Medina; died 823. Arab historian.
Waqidi’s Book of Campaigns (Kitab al-Maghazi) consists of traditions of campaigns and raids by the first Muslims during the lifetime of Muhammad. Despite the legendary overlay, it is an important original historical source. Waqidi is also thought to be the author of Conquest of Syria (Futuh al-Sham); it was later reworked in the form of a historical novel. Excerpts from Waqidi’s writings in Russian translation are contained in N. A. Mednikov’s Palestine From Its Conquest by the Arabs… and Orthodox Palestine Collection (no. 50 [vol. 17, no. 2], St. Petersburg, 1897, pp. 17-30).