Waqidi

Waqidi

 

(full name al-Waqidi Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Umar). Born 747 in Medina; died 823. Arab historian.

Waqidi’s Book of Campaigns (Kitab al-Maghazi) consists of traditions of campaigns and raids by the first Muslims during the lifetime of Muhammad. Despite the legendary overlay, it is an important original historical source. Waqidi is also thought to be the author of Conquest of Syria (Futuh al-Sham); it was later reworked in the form of a historical novel. Excerpts from Waqidi’s writings in Russian translation are contained in N. A. Mednikov’s Palestine From Its Conquest by the Arabs… and Orthodox Palestine Collection (no. 50 [vol. 17, no. 2], St. Petersburg, 1897, pp. 17-30).

REFERENCE

Kitab al-Maghazi, vols. 1-3. Edited by M. Jones. London, 1966. (Complete Arabic text; bibliography in English.)
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Far more elaborate and explicit were the assertions of biographer Waqidi, who supplied numerous tales of miracles, bodies taken to heaven by Angels, enemies who are "burning even now in Hell," and dream visitations from present dwellers of Paradise.
8] Various authorities are quoted to demonstrate that the works of the eighth-century writer Ibn Ishaq and the ninth-century writers Tabari, Waqidi, and Ibn Sa'd have little basis in historical accuracy and instead rely largely on gossip and myth.
Djebar's first source is Ibn Saad, who died in 845 in Bagdad, having learned his craft from a respected historiographer, al Waqidi, for whom he served as secretary.
The Waqidi recension of the report is more problematic.