War Production Board


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War Production Board

(WPB), former U.S. government agency, established (Jan., 1942) by executive order to direct war production and the procurement of materials in World War II. The chairman (Donald M. Nelson, 1942–44; Julius A. Krug, 1944–45) was granted sweeping powers over the nation's economic life. The WPB converted and expanded the peacetime economy to maximum war production; controls included assignment of priorities to deliveries of scarce materials and prohibition of nonessential industrial activities. During its three-year existence the WPB supervised the production of $185 billion worth of weapons and supplies. Businessmen serving with the WPB were sharply criticized by a Senate committee headed by Harry S. TrumanTruman, Harry S.,
1884–1972, 33d President of the United States, b. Lamar, Mo. Early Life and Political Career

He grew up on a farm near Independence, Mo., worked at various jobs, and tended the family farm.
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. WPB organization changed frequently, and disputes with the armed services occurred. After the defeat of Japan, most restrictions were quickly lifted, and the WPB was abolished in Nov., 1945. The Civilian Production Administration was set up to take over the remaining WPB reconversion functions.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The wording, as required by the War Production Board, was altered to "A.
Thus, the War Production Board exempted makeup from the list of restricted wartime industries.
Yet creating the Small War Plants Corporation (1942) proved to be more a gesture than a policy, for its actions were subordinated to Donald Nelson's War Production Board. Worse, within a year, surveys showed that "small firms had adjusted well to the wartime economy, largely without government aid." Although "large corporations received most defense contracts .
During World War II, Broyhill served on the advisory committee of the War Production Board. He also served as president of the Southern Furniture Manufacturers Association for four successive terms during and after that conflict.
He served successively on the five-man National Defense Advisory Commission, as associate director of the Office of Production Management, and as head of the labor division of the War Production Board.
EBMUD says the federal government is responsible for the cleanup because the mine was reactivated in World War II under the direction of the War Production Board and was mined for zinc for the armed forces from 1943 to 1947.
Issues contained his "Letter from Washington," where he served as director of the Tooling Division for the War Production Board.
The Economist has observed, "Not since Franklin Roosevelt's War Production Board has it been suggested that so large a part of the American economy should suddenly be brought under government control."
During World War II, the War Production Board ordered many Leadville mines to speed up to emergency production levels.
In 1943, he garnered 30% of the national production total, more than $3,000,000,000 in contracts, and used his New Deal crony, "Tommy the Cork" Corcoran, to get into the War Production Board, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and even the White House Map Room.
The War Production Board (WPB) was established by executive order.