War Propaganda

War Propaganda

 

in Soviet criminal law, a crime against peace and peaceful coexistence, constituting a threat to the external security of the USSR. The Soviet state follows the Leninist policy of peaceful coexistence among states; therefore, actions aimed at propagandizing or provoking war are not only condemned in the USSR but are also regarded as crimes punishable by law. War propaganda comes under the category of especially dangerous crimes against the state.

From the earliest days of its existence, the Soviet state has fought tirelessly to preserve and strengthen peace throughout the world. The first legislative act of the newly formed Soviet state was the Decree on Peace, which characterized World War I as “the greatest crime against humanity.” The USSR is a signatory of both the Hague and the Geneva conventions on the rules and customs of war; it urges all governments to resolve international disputes by peaceful means, as provided by the UN Charter, and to condemn any form of aggression by one state against another.

In response to an appeal by the Second World Peace Congress (Warsaw, 1950) to the parliaments of all countries for the enactment of laws to help preserve peace, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in March 1951 adopted the Law on the Protection of Peace, which made war propaganda an extremely serious offense. Criminal responsibility for war propaganda was established by a 1958 law on criminal responsibility for crimes against the state and by the criminal codes of the Union republics.

Article 8 of the law on criminal responsibility for crimes against the state provides that war propaganda, in whatever form it is conducted, shall be punished. The crime consists in disseminating views on the necessity of unleashing war or in calling for war either against the USSR or against other states, whether verbally, in written form, through graphic means, by radio, or in any other form. This crime is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of three to eight years, with or without additional exile for a term of two to five years. Anyone 16 years of age or older may be held responsible for war propaganda.

Also included among especially dangerous crimes against the state are terrorist actions against representatives of foreign governments (assassination or inflicting of grave bodily injury) for the purpose of provoking war or international complications. Criminal responsibility for such actions applies to anyone 16 years of age or older, and the punishment is deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to 15 years, with exile for a term of two to five years or without exile and with confiscation of property; in exceptional cases the death penalty may be imposed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The lies and the spin that accompanied the war propaganda expedited a deep, long-lasting disenchantment with the ruling elites and mistrust of political leaders.
Far from the aggressive bully of 20th-century war propaganda, the perfectionist engineer of Madison Avenue car advertisements, or the rule-following know-it-all of the silver screen, the German many picture today is a sleepy-headed character clad in nightgown and cap.
Chuhan says: "Modern war propaganda began with the First World War, which obscured its pointlessness and deep colonial connections, while pretending to be the 'war to end all wars'.
After an elementary introduction to Thucydides' unique historiography, Nichols offers five chapters following chronological order: Perikles and his idealized Athenians; the juxtaposed treatment of Mytilene and Plataia, two dependent states; the Spartan commander Brasidas and war propaganda proclaiming the liberation of Hellenes; the disastrous Athenian aggression against the Sicilians; and later oscillations of the Athenian Alkibiades and Athenian fortunes.
The war years also witnessed the growth of a sub-genre: the war propaganda film, designed to shape perceptions and morale.
The Battle for Hearts and Minds in the High North: The USIA and American Cold War Propaganda in Sweden, 1952-1969
HOW VIDEO GAMES ARE INFLUENCING WAR PROPAGANDA IN SYRIA The generation that grew up playing modern video games is now making media about war that reflects those influences, including in Syria, where militias are producing sophisticated propaganda films employing tropes from Western popular culture.
He further said that the Saudi monarchy's claim that it is bombing Yemen in order to preserve its national security is not surprising at all, and noted," That's standard war propaganda.
Brief Encounter and The Third Man had us on the edge of our seats; She Wore a Yellow Ribbon delighted the female audience and kids near the screen at the front were often riddled with flying bullets during a war propaganda movie.
Exposing a great many myths, this cultural history reveals how DMT has had a beneficial influence on the lives of those belonging to a vast underground network whose reports and initiatives expose drug war propaganda and shine a light in the shadows.
Many recent works on US neutrality, German-Americans or indeed German First World War propaganda have been missed, and that omission leaves the task of putting Fulwider's results into the context of recent research to the reader.
Come to think of it, Boris and his Brexit mates increasingly resemble our First World War propaganda machine, when posters of slobbering beasts in German helmets with calls to Destroy This Mad Brute popped up everywhere.