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in modern Chinese history, autonomous regional military commander. In the political chaos following the death (1916) of republican China's first president and commander in chief, Yüan Shih-kaiYüan Shih-kai
, 1859–1916, president of China (1912–16). From 1885 to 1894 he was the Chinese resident in Korea, then under Chinese suzerainty. He supported the dowager empress, Tz'u Hsi, against the reform movement (1898) of Emperor Kuang Hsü, and she
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, central authority fell to the provincial military governors and regional military groups emerged based on personal loyalties. During the next decade there was a series of wars between shifting coalitions of military cliques in N China for the collection of provincial and national revenues and for control of the republican government at Beijing. Between 1926 and 1928 the Northern ExpeditionNorthern Expedition,
in modern Chinese history, the military campaign by which the Kuomintang party overthrew the warlord-backed Beijing government and established a new government at Nanjing.
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 of the Kuomintang party and the army under Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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 in alliance with prorevolutionary militarists wrested control of N China from the regional armies of Chang Tso-linChang Tso-lin
, 1873–1928, Chinese general. Chang was of humble birth. As the leader of a unit of Manchurian militia he assisted (1904–5) the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War. He held various military posts under the Chinese republic.
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, Wu P'ei-fuWu P'ei-fu
, 1874–1939, Chinese general and political leader. He had a distinguished military career under the Ch'ing dynasty and was an important figure in the republic. For the most part Wu supported Yüan Shih-k'ai during his presidency.
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, and Sun Ch'uan-fang. However, the new KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 government at Nanjing was able to establish central administrative and fiscal hegemony over only a few provinces in SE China. Most provinces continued to be controlled by local militarists until the unification of China following the Communist victory in 1949.


a military leader of a nation or part of a nation, esp one who is accountable to nobody when the central government is weak
References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibition will display a variety of valuable artefacts from the Tianjin Museum, as well as items from the collections of the Hong Kong Museum of History, the Tung Wah Group of Hospitals and collectors, allowing visitors to know more about this tumultuous period of political instability and conflicts among warlords.
Some political observers believe Umno 'warlords' wield significant influence within the party ranks.
The economic mistakes of previous presidents have allowed economic warlords to gain an iron grip on the levers of economic power.
Keep reading (http://au.ibtimes.com/archives/articles/reporters/janice-somosot/) International Business Times for more updates about "World of Warcraft," "Warlords of Draenor" and other news about gaming, fashion, business, entertainment, companies, beauty, economics, finance, technology, sports, luxury, trending topics, health and viral videos.
The expansion will also raise the level cap from 90 to 100, with new dungeons, raids, challenge modes, battlegrounds and more promised, too, "Players will encounter an epic cast of legendary characters and a huge amount of content to explore in Warlords of Draenor," said Blizzard CEO Mike Morhaime.
The warlords were left to pick apart the carcass of what was once Lebanon.
The initial US focus on defeating the Taliban and Al Qaeda created mutually dependent relationships between the US government and Afghan warlords "that empowered these warlords" and "expanded their opportunities for financial gain," according to the study, which was produced by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's "lessons learned" department, The CS Monitor reports.
In a press conference that Sayee held later, he declared: "These warlords would like to take Afghanistan back to those old days ...
Marten's central thesis is that the nature of a warlord has changed: a warlord is no longer an independent ruler maintained by his own strength.
Even as the last of the Soviet tanks rumbled north over the Hindu Kush mountain range, the Afghan warlords began battling not only Najibullah's communist forces but also each other in a bid to fill the power vacuum.
Selected for The Economist Film Project, "The Redemption of General Butt Naked" is a documentary about the changed life of Joshua Milton Blahyi, once dubbed one of Liberia's most feared warlords.
Unfortunately,, the warlords have done exactly that to the generous amnesty extended to them by the Chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) & the President of the government of South Sudan ( GoSS) 1st Lt.