Warren, Joseph, 1741–75, political leader in the American Revolution, b. Roxbury, Mass. A Boston physician, he participated in the agitation against the Stamp Act (1765). He became a member of the Boston Committee of Safety and in 1774 drafted the Suffolk Resolves, advocating forcible resistance to the British; they were endorsed by the Continental Congress. On the night of Apr. 18, 1775, he dispatched William Dawes and Paul Revere to warn Sam Adams and John Hancock that the British were marching on Concord. Warren was killed in the battle of Bunker Hill (1775).
See biographies by R. Frothingham (1865, repr. 1971) and J. Cary (1961).
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Warren, Joseph(1741–75) physician, Revolutionary patriot; born in Roxbury, Mass. Meeting John Adams while inoculating him for smallpox, he turned revolutionary, making a number of anti-British speeches at Faneuil Hall, writing articles and mediating for removal of troops after the Boston Massacre (1770). One of three chosen to write a report on colonists' rights (1772), he dispatched Paul Revere and William Dawes (1775) on their famous rides. He was chosen president pro tempore of the Provincial Congress (1775). Head of the committee to organize a colonial army and major general, he was shot dead at Breed's Hill.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.