an administrative province in Poland. Area, 29,400 sq km. Population, 2.5 million (1968), of which 34 percent is urban. Its administrative center is the city of Warsaw, although Warsaw itself is administratively not included in the province.
The northern part of the Warszawa Województwo occupies the southern edge of the morainic stratum of the Masurian Lake District with individual hills exceeding 200 m in elevation, whereas the remaining regions are located within the bounds of the Mazowsze-Podlasian Lowland with its broad river valleys, flat outwash plains, and hills of the basal moraine. The large rivers in the province are the Vistula, Bug, and Narew. The climate is moderate, with the average temperature in January around -3° C, and in July around 18° C; precipitation ranges from 450 to 600 mm per year.
Of the various sectors of industry (147,000 employees in 1968) the largest are machine building (51,000 employees), mostly in the suburbs of Warsaw (a tractor plant in Ursus, machine tools in Pruszków, production of port cranes in the town of Mińsk Mazowíecki), and petroleum refineries and petrochemical production, in Plock. Also important is the food industry (24,000 employees), the pulp and paper industry, the linen industry, and logging (up to 0.6 million eu m per year). Farm lands occupy 71 percent of the area (including 55 percent in fields), and forests occupy 19 percent, mostly in the northeast. Predominant among the crops are rye (36 percent of the arable land) and potatoes (20 percent). Wheat and sugar beets are grown primarily in the west, along the Vistula and farther north, as well as to the south and west of Warsaw. There is intensive vegetable cultivation and gardening. In 1968 there were 992,000 horned cattle and 1,750,000 pigs.
IU. V. ILINICH