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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Watchtowers are associated with the four directions—east, south, west, and north— in the Wiccan ritual Circle. They are etheric, symbolical structures set up to guard the Circle during the rites. The ceremony of erecting and consecrating the Circle contains reference to the Guardians of the Watchtowers. In some Wiccan traditions these guardians are equated with the magical elementals of sylphs (east = air), salamanders (south = fire), undines (west = water), and gnomes (north = earth). In other traditions, there is no specific naming or identifying of the guardians.

According to Grimassi, in ancient Rome small towers were built at the joining roads of a crossroads and an altar placed before each tower. On these altars offerings were made to Nature spirits in the form of the Lares, or Compitales. The Lares were originally placed where two fields joined, since they were protectors of agriculture, but later they were also placed at crossroads.

The Witch Book: The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca, and Neo-paganism © 2002 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT / RAS AL-NAQOURA: The Lebanese Army has begun preparing the ground to build a watchtower along the de facto border with Israel, weeks after Israeli forces constructed their own tower just meters away.
The NHCP has also fully restored the Pamilacan island watchtower, a National Cultural Treasure.'
While the group was enjoying a trek to a waterfall at Esoy Spring, I went to visit Catmon's church, as well as a Spanish-era watchtower nearby.
Another youth sustained a similar injury and several others suffocated during similar clashes that broke out with Israeli Soldiers stationed at watchtowers in Nahal Oz military base, east of Gaza city.
Bohol has six watchtowers forming a network to warn the populace against marauders.
Sputnik quoted the Turkish-language Yeni Safak newspaper as saying that the watchtowers will be placed at certain intervals on the border line, the media said.
The watchtowers will be manned round the clock and video links for trials of those accused of militancy will also be available, official said
North Warning System, Wylie's latest book, is the third and final installment of his Tower series published by Steidl, which meticulously documents watchtowers in three different historical-political settings (and incidentally, three distinct color palettes).
Traditionally, during the rule of the Imams, which ended in the 1960s, at night, guards would man the watchtowers built at the seven massive entrance gates to Sana'a's Old City.
In June 2010, another Bulgarian soldier was hurt in Kabul after falling from a watchtower.
A quick but thrilling experience, Salem Brownstone: All Along the Watchtowers is a jewel not just for fans of graphic novels, but also for those who love mystery, fantasy, and suspense.
Palestinian sources quoted witnesses as saying that Israeli occupation forces stationed at watchtowers along the eastern line of the Gaza Strip opened...