Stratiotes

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stratiotes

 

a genus of dioecious aquatic herbs of the family Hydrocharitaceae. The single species, the water soldier (5. aloides), is a submerged perennial that rises to the surface only at flowering time. The ensiform leaves, whose margin has spiny teeth, form large rosettes. The large, unisexual flowers have three white petals. The pistillate flowers are for the most part solitary; the staminate flowers are in inflorescences. The fruit is a berry. The water soldier is characterized by intensive vegetative reproduction. The plant occurs in Europe, Ciscaucasia, and Western Siberia; it is found in stagnant or sluggish waters, often forming an extensive thick cover. The leaves are sometimes used as fertilizer and pig feed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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If it's really cold in your garden, as you suggest, why not take some of the smaller water soldier plantlets and put them in jars with a thin layer of soil in the bottom?
Choose instead native plants, such as frog bit (Hydrocharis), which has pretty white flowers in summer, and water soldiers (Stratiotes) with spiky foliage.
Water soldiers that looks like a pineapple top with spiny leaves is possibly a better choice for smaller pools.
Still, as they were proud to recall in numerous memoirs, Sanitary Commission volunteers forced military officers to take health measures like building outhouses and, moreover, locating those privies downstream from the water soldiers were drinking.