Wawel


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Wawel

 

the name of a hill in Kraków, on the left bank of the Vistula south of the Old City.

Wawel Hill is famous for a complex of architectural landmarks dating from the tenth through 17th centuries: the Rotunda of the Virgin Mary (second half of the tenth century); the royal castle (13th to 17th centuries), with its arcaded inner courtyard (1502-16), Gothic hall, and interiors in Renaissance and Baroque styles (including the Ambassadors’ Hall, 1529-35, and the Under the Birds Hall, c. 1603); and the Gothic Cathedral Church (14th century), with the Romanesque crypt of St. Leonard (c. 1100), the Renaissance chapel of Sigismund I (1517-33), and many tombs from the 14th through 20th centuries (sculptors V. Stoss, J. Michalowicz, and others). Within the royal castle are the State Art Collections (a unique collection of Flemish and Polish tapestries, Western and Oriental weapons, paintings, and so on). The Cathedral Church located on Wawel Hill is the burial vault of Polish kings as well as of the most important leaders in the nation’s history.

REFERENCES

Mańkowski, T. Dzieje wnetrz wawelskich, 2nd ed. Warsaw, 1957.
Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, vol. 4, part 1. Wawel [Kraków], 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Visit to Wawel, the castle district, one of Europe's most striking royal residences
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Alongside concerts, movie screenings, food and fashion shows, locals come to relax on deckchairs and enjoy the sunset, with Wawel Castle across the river.
Some of those calories can be breezily burned off by walking south toward the Vistula river and ascending a modest incline to arrive at Wawel Castle, the royal residence built in a stately Italian style by King Casimir III the Great, and the older Wawel Cathedral.
Tour highlights Enjoy a guided tour of Poland's stunning former The medieval square of Rynek Glowny Wander the market stalls and galleries of the vast Sukkennice Cloth Hall Visit stunning Mariacki church, Wawel Castle, the Kazimierz district and Krakow's vibrant cafe culture Visit poignant Auschwitz-Birkenau Fully escorted by a friendly, experienced tour manager Four nights' four-star bed and breakfast *Applies to bookings made by 31 Oct 2018.
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This includes PS1.57 for a bottle of beer, PS5.37 for a 48-hour travel card and PS4.47 for entrance to Wawel Royal Castle.