Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.
an organization that supplies the population and various branches of the economy with weather forecasts, information about present and past weather, and special warnings of anticipated dangerous weather (hurricanes, gales, snowstorms, thunderstorms, rainstorms, frosts, and so on). In the USSR and several other countries weather bureaus also compile forecasts and current information on river and sea conditions and the state of plantings of agricultural crops. The first weather bureau in Russia, attached to the Main Geophysical Observatory, was opened in 1872 in St. Petersburg. In the USSR there are weather bureaus in the capitals of the union republics and in a number of cities of the RSFSR and Ukrainian SSR.
A. I. SAMOILOV