Weatherfish

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Weatherfish

 

(Misgurnus), a genus of the Misgurnidae family. The body of a weatherfish is elongated and covered with small scales. The fish reaches 30 cm in length and has ten whiskers around the mouth. The float bladder is enclosed in an osseous capsule, and the rear section of the intestine is thickened and serves a respiratory function. Weatherfish swallow and release air through their intestines and thus easily survive oxygen deficiency in the water. There are several species, living in Europe and south and east Asia. There are two species in the USSR— Misgurnus fossilis, found in the rivers of the Baltic Region, in the basins of the Black Sea (from the Danube to the Don) and the Volga, and occasionally in the lower reaches of the Kuban’; and M. anguillicaudatus, found in the Amur basin. They feed on tiny river-bottom animals. They spawn in April or May, and their roe stick to plants. The fingerlings have threadlike external gills. Weatherfish are exceptionally good subjects for laboratory research and are also used in experiments for testing the activity of the gonadotropic hormones of the pituitary body.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oriental weatherfish now inhabit this lake as a result of aquarium releases.
Common name Scientific Name PROHIBITED PLANTS Fanwort Cabomba caroliniana Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa Hydrilla/water thyme Hydrilla verticillata Parrot feather Myriophyllum aquaticum Eurasian water milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum Curly leaf pond weed Potamogeton crispus PROHIBITED ANIMALS Northern snakehead Channa argus Bullseye snakehead Channa marulius Giant snakehead Channa micropeltes Walking catfish Clarias batrachus Oriental weatherfish Misgurnus anguillicaudatus REGULATED ANIMALS Goldfish Carassius auratus Common lionfish Pterois miles Red lionfish Pterois volitans
After this study, gynogenesis studies were conducted on weatherfish (Misgurnus fossilis L.) by Neifach [12], on Gadus morhua by Van Eenennaam et al.
2011) were used for some prey species, which have never been caught in the reservoir or caught in very small numbers, such as weatherfish, Misgurnus fossilis; Chinese sleeper, Perccottus glenii; ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernuus.
Nach dem Sprachinstinkt der Englander wurde er als weatherfish den Wetterfischen zugeordnet.
Other aquatic invaders that have been spotted in Oregon include the Chinese Mitten Crab, the Oriental Weatherfish and the Rusty or Red Swamp Crayfish.
Lake Huron has only one unique species--the oriental weatherfish, a species introduced in 1958 (Schultz, 1960).
The oriental weatherfish, (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), a native of southeast Asia, was collected from six locations in the Grand Calumet River, Lake Michigan basin, during the summer of 2005.
Feeding attraction activities of amino acids and nitrogenous bases for oriental weatherfish. Bull.
The oriental weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) made its escape from an aquarium supply house through a river draining into Lake Huron.
Johnston (1991) reported the first record of the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosterus aculeatus) from Lake Michigan; round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and possibly the tubenose goby (Proterirhinus marmoratus), have been reported as being abundant in southern Lake Michigan (Burr, et al., 1996); oriental weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), an ornamental aquarium fish, has apparently become established in streams in northeastern Illinois (Page and Laird, 1993); grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) has been reported to be firmly established in the large rivers of the Mississippi and Ohio River systems (Raibley, 1995; Burr, et al., 1996).